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unin11 The merchant of Venice Lesson42—43

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-------The Merchant of Venice

Teaching Procedures:

Step I. Oragainzing

  Greetings and make a duty report.

Step II. Introduction:

  Find out how much the students know about the writer William Shakespeare and ask some questions like this:

  What do you know about Shakespeare?   What is his nationality?

  When was he born and when did he die? 

  Do you know the titles of any of his plays? Suggested answers:

  1 The King Henry VI     亨利六世

  2  The Comedy of Errors  错中错

  3 The Taming of the Shrew    驯悍妇

  4  Romeo and Juliet      罗密欧与朱丽叶

  5 A Midsummer Night’s Dream    仲夏夜之梦

  6 The Merchant of Venice  威尼斯商人

  7 As You Like It  如愿

  8  Twelfth Night(What You Will)   第十二夜

  9 Hamlet   哈姆莱特  10 All’s Well ends Well       皆大欢喜

  11 Measure for measure 恶有恶报  12 Othello 奥塞罗

  13 King Lear    李尔王  14 Macbeth      麦克白

  15 The Winter’s Tale  冬天的故事  16 The Tempest 暴风雨

Write the key words and phrases raised by the Ss during the discussion on the Bb.

Step III. Presentation

  Ask questions about the picture, and get the students to tell you what they think is happening.

Step IV. Reading comprehension.

Ask students to read the introduction silently and find out the answers to followimg questions.

1.The text mainly talks about_______________.

  A.Antonio’s charities(善行)and Shylock’s cruelty

  B.Portia’s cleverness and Antonio’s charities

  C.Shylock’s cruelty and Portia’s cleverness

  D.The three colorful characters of Antonio, Portia and Shylock

2.Antonio did business with _______________.

  A. people in Venice   B. people in Italy

  C. People in other countries    D. people in the world

3.Antonio was a(n) ________________ person.

  A. warm-hearted   B. strong-willed

  C. open-minded    D. hot-tempered

4.What kind of person was Shylock? He was ___________.

  A. greedy and hypocritical   B. hypocritical(虚伪) and cruel

  C. cruel and lazy      D. greedy and cruel

5.What did the Duke mean by saying “Don’t be so bitter”?

He wanted Shylock to be _________________.

  A. warm-hearted   B. calm

  C. kind-hearted    D. reasonable

6.In writing style, this text is a _____________.

  A. drama   B. story   C. fable   D. fairy tale

7.The word “scold” in the text means to ______________.

  A. fool with  B. laugh at  C. criticize  D. quarrel with

8.It seems that the Duke at the court supported ___________.

  A. Portia    B. Antonio    C. Shylock   D. none of them

9.That Portia was able to defend Antonio was due to _________.

  A. her cleverness   B. her husband’s support

  C. her husband’s help

  D. her cleverness and her husband’s support

10.Which happened last in Part 2?

  A.Shylock insisted on having one pound of Antonio’s flesh.

  B.Portia declared that the law allowed Shylock to take Antonio’s flesh.

  C.Antonio said his last words to Bassanio.

  D.Portia warned Bassanio of the impossibility of changing the law.

  Allow the students enough time to read the play and find the answers. Get them to check their answers in pairs, then check the answers with the class.

Answers:1C .2. C 3. A 4.D 5.C 6.A 7.C 8.B 9.A 10.B

StepV.language points:

  mercy,bitter

  Have mercy on Antonio,Shylock.Do not be so bitter.(Line1 of page62)

  One half of his money and his goods shall be given to the city of Venice and the othe r half shall be given to the peson he hs tried to kill.His life shall be at he mercy of the Duke.Therefore, go down on you knees and beg the duke for mercy.(page64)

  bitter在本课是“厉害的”,“怀恨的”的意思,这个词还作“苦味的”,“严酷的”,“强烈的”等等讲。

例如: bitter pills 苦药片; bitter memories辛酸的记忆; bitter winter严寒的冬天;

  bitter argument激烈的争论。

  2.desire:page 62,Line11

  Let us be calm,gentlemen. Shylck, how can you hope for mercy yourself when you show none?

  I havedone nothing wrong and I fear no judg3ment. I desire my pound of flesh.

  desire可以用作名词,也可以当及物动词用, 作及物动词时,它后面可以接名词、不定式、从句等等。例如: Of course, they all desire happiness and health. 当然他们都渴望幸福与健康。


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  We desire to see the result.  我们希望看到结果。

  I desire that you should come on time.  我希望你准时到。

  3.seat: page62, part2,Line 1

  D:Greetings, learned judge! I do not envy you your job. This is a most troublesome case.

  P:Greetings! Please be seated. Are you Antonio, and is this your agreenent with Shylock?

  be seated

  [说明] seat是及物动词,主语是地點或地方,人作宾语,因此人作主语時,常用 be seated结构; seat还可以作名词用,意思是 “座位”;要分清seat与 sit, 后者是不及物动词,人作主语,地点作状语。

例如:Please be seated.  请坐。

  He sat there, looking very calm. 他坐在那儿,看起来很平静。

  4.upon: page62,page64

  P:Mercy brings good. Mercy falls like the gentle rain from the shy upon the earth.It blesses those who give it,and those who receive it.We should learn toshow mercy to others.Do you still sdk for this pound of flesh?

  5.comfort:Page64

  take my life too! My money andgoods are as dear to me as life itself.They are my only comfort.When you take those away from me, you also take my life.

  comfort可以用作名词,也可以当及物动词用,意思是“安慰”,后面接某人。

例如: The sudden thought greatly comforted her.  这个突然的想法,极大地安慰了她。

  She lives there in comfort.  她舒适地生活在那里。

[练习题]

1.They were so excited that they had ____ to sleep.

  A. much desire  B. little desire

  C. many thoughts  D. few moments

2. As he opened the door, he saw ____ young a boy ____ in a wheelchair some 20 feet away.

  A. so, seat  B. so, seated

  C. such, sitting   D. such, sat

3.The teacher ____ him and made a promise to help him.

  A. desired  B. greeted  C. punished  D. comforted

4.They talked about the leading role the headmaster ____ in the event.

  A. finished  B. did  C. played   D. prepared

5.The two brothers quarreled whenever they met as if they were ____ enemies.

  A. bitter  B. merciful  C. greedy  D. troublesome

参考答案:1. B  (根据句意so excited ,他们是不想睡觉, 肯定形式是不对的, few moments 表示时间多少,与他们的心情无关,也不对。)  2. B (第一个空紧接一个形容词,只能用so,第2个空是修饰名词boy的,只能用seated形式。)   3. D (根据句意只能选 “安慰”。) 4.C  (名词role在前面,后面出现的是定语从句,修饰此名词,played与它搭配构成词组,是“起主要作用”的意思。)  5.A  (根据句子意思,应该选bitter, bitter enemy是 “死敌” 的意思。)

2.句法:读句子,做练习:(不作任何讲解,要求学生根据语感完成习题,培养学生对英语的悟性。)

   (1)It is useless trying to argue with Shylock.  试图跟夏洛克讲理是没有用的。

   (2)If you offered me six times what you have just offered, I would still take my pound of flesh.

  即使你愿意给我六倍于你刚才提出的钱数,我仍然要拿我应得的那一磅肉。

   (3)He is young, but I never knew so young a body with so wise a head.

  他很年轻,但我从来不知道有这么年轻又这么聪明的人。

[练习题]

1.The youngster was ____ excited that he began to come out of the wheelchair, but it was useless his trying to do that.

  A. very  B. such  C. so  D. quite

2.He was ____ that nobody regarded him as a guide.

  A. so a young boy  B. so young a boy

  C. such young a boy  D. such a boy young

3.He has ____ big a head to be supported by his slender neck.

  A. too  B. how  C. so  D. enough

4.I can give twice ____ you want. 

  A. that  B. which  C. what  D. where

5.They were allowed to go skating ____ they were careful.

  A. unless  B. though  C. even if  D. on condition that

6.The money spent on food is twice the amount ____ you can offer.

  A. that  B. what  C. when  D. much              

参考答案:1.C (这是so… that句型。)   2.B  3.A (这是too…to结构,尽管how与so符合接名词的词型,但它们不能与不定式连用;enough可以与不定式连用,但却不符合题中的名词型。)  4.C (twice后面接一个名词,名词后面又出现定语,此时只能用what来代替名词和从句的关系词, twice what = twice the thing that。)  5.D   6.A

Homework

  1.分组准备戏剧演出(要求背台词,排练动作)

  2.一篇完型填空。

完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面的短文,掌握其大意,然后从36~55各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

  While I was standing at the kitchen window, five-year-old Spencer, my oldest son, ran into the house  16  ,“We need a doctor out here! We need a doctor! Hurry, Mom!” “What's wrong?” I asked. Spencer anxiously told me he had found a dead bird that needed a doctor.


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  Dutifully(顺从地), I seized a small plastic bag from the cupboard and took Spencer's hand  17  , that's the sort of thing mothers do! While my son led me out of the door and   18   the bird, I explained that if the creature was indeed dead, a doctor could not   19  . When we arrived at the   20   scene, it was obvious that the baby bird was dead. Spencer and I could see the nest(鸟巢) high up in the tree. My son and I   21   the probable age of the baby bird, its inability to fly well, and exactly how the   22   had caused its death. “I think his mommy and daddy really  23   him,” Spencer observed. I    24    my boy's hand and tried to ease his  25   by saying I was sure they did,  26   they would be okay because the little bird had gone to Heaven to be with God and PoPo(my deceased(去世了的) grandfather). I assured(使确信)Spencer that the bird's mommy and daddy knew that their little one would be   27    and loved. I told Spencer that PoPo loved little birds, and I  28   he was in Heaven holding and playing with the baby bird   29  . I picked up the little creature's body, slipped(悄悄放到)it into my plastic bag and   30    placed the bird in the rubbish bin.  31   was said about the matter for the rest of the day. Spencer went right back to playing   32    he had never been interrupted, and I returned to my work in the kitchen.

  At breakfast the next morning, Spencer sadly explained to his father that he had found a baby bird the day before that had fallen from its nest.

  “It was dead, Daddy!” Trying to   33   Spencer's spirits and remind him that the little bird was really  34  , I asked our son to tell Daddy   35   the baby bird was. Spencer, looking solemn, faced at his dad, stated, “In the rubbish bin with Mama's granddad, PoPo.”

  16. A. saying  B. screaming  C. declaring  D.telling

  17. A. in fact  B. at least  C. of course  D.after all

  18. A. ahead  B. toward   C. found  D. looked

  19. A. come  B. save  C. help   D. support

  20. A. accident  B. kitchen  C. familiar  D. angry

  21. A. wondered   B. discussed  C. studied  D. looked

  22. A. fall  B. tree   C. mother bird  D. other bird

  23. A. hate  B. lose  C. miss   D. love

  24. A. picked up  B. turned to C. got to D. reached for

  25. A. excitement B. regret C. sadness D. disappointment

  26. A. but that  B. and that  C. soon   D. then

  27. A. enjoyed   B. played   C. treated  D. cared for

  28. A. doubted  B. found  C. was sure   D. was afraid

  29. A. right now B. right then C. from now on D. now and then

  30. A. gently  B. loudly  C. strongly   D. firmly

  31. A. Nothing else B. Nobody else   C. Everything  D. Something

  32. A. as usual  B. as if  C. even though   D. though

  33. A. break  B. rise  C. show  D. lift

  34. A. wounded  B. injured   C. okay   D. alive

  35. A. where  B. what   C. how  D. when

参考答案:

  16~20 BDBCA  21~25 BACDC 26~30 ADCBA  31~35 ABDCA





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