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【人教课标选修8】unit5 Meeting Your Ancestors

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 Unit 5  Meeting your ancestors

The First Period   Warming up

一.Aims:

Teaching aims 教学目标

1.Learning goals

Help the students learn how to give opinion and describe objects

2.Ability goals

Enable the students to talk about the archaeological evidence and knowledge and learn to describe people and practice giving opinions.

二.Contents

Lead in by talking about the ancient civilization.

1.      Ask them the four Great Ancient Civilizations.

2.      Ask them to give some account of each great civilization, for example, speaking China, they can talk about China’s brilliant civilization, like four great inventions (papermaking, printing, gunpowder, compass)

3.  Ask Ss to identify each picture in this part.

3.      Ask them to have a discussion to complete the task listed in Activity 2 ( to complete the table),

4.       What is it made of? What’s its use? And today’s alternatives?

5.  Then make a summary of this and show the PPT of the table list on the screen.

S3. The Greek Goddess agreed to help and his wish was granted.

Name

material

today

Alternative

Clay lame

Chinese chimes

Stone/ jade axe

Death mask

 Homework

Ask the students to find some information about Zhoukoudian.

The Second Period    Reading

一.Aims:

Teaching aims 教学目标

1. Target language目标语言:

重点词汇和短语

archaeology, tentative, accuracy, excavate, interrupt, ornament, assume, regardless, sharpen, cut up, scrape, ample, primitive, preserve, bead, botany, botanical, analysis, specific, seashell, specifically

2. Ability aims能力目标

Enable the Ss to tell the differences between modern people and Peking man and learn how Peking man lived their lives.

Content:

Step I  Revision

Check the homework.

The Ss will how their information about Zhoukoudian Caves in the following steps.

Step II   Lead in

1.      Ask the Ss to identify the picture in the pre-reading part. (skullcap)

2.      Ask Ss to assume what Peking man might have done and use thousands of years ago.

3.      Then by showing the table following to show whether their assumptions are right or wrong.

Modern people

Peking man

Accuracy

Places of living

Modern architecture, which is huge, like boxes with flat roofs, sharp corners and glass walls

Caves

Very accurate

Furniture

Beautiful furniture with lots of ornaments mostly made of wood or other special materials

Natural furniture made of stone or wood

Accurate

Entertainment

Watching TV, surfing the Internet and traveling

Enjoy the nature or family get-together

Inaccurate

Food

A good variety of cooked food, which tastes delicious

Natural food, such as nuts and fruits

Accurate

Clothing

Clothes made form special material, such as cotton and wood

Clothes made form animal skins

Accurate

Step III Reading

1. Play the tape once, and ask the Ss what they have learned about Zhoukoudian Caves

2. Skimming (What is the text about? And three stages of the archaeologist’s part of the dialogue: An archeologist is showing a group of students from England around the Zhoukoudian Caves and telling them something bout the caves.)

3. Scanning (Ask them to write down the three ways in which the life of early people differs from modern ones. Ask them to work in pairs and discuss the questions.

Homes: Peking man lived in Zhoukoudian Caves of rocks and trees.

Tools: They used needle that was made of bone sharpened stone tools and scraper made by stones.

Dress: They wore clothes form animal skins and they also wore necklace made from seashells or animal teeth.

4. Careful reading

Step IV Post-reading

Ask Ss to fill in the chart on the life and habits of Peking man on page 37 and compare it with the list they made in the pre-reading. What differences are there?

And then to clarify Ss’ difficult points in the text.

Step V Homework

Write a brief introduction to the Zhoukoudian Cave.

The Third Period    Language Points

一.Aims:

Teaching aims 教学目标

1.Ability aims能力目标

Enable the students to use the Present Perfect Continuous tense.

2. Learning ability aims 学能目标

Help the students lean how to use the Present Perfect Continuous tense.

Content 教学内容

1. identify             vt. 确认,识别,鉴别

(1)~ sb. /sth. as sb./ sth.确认,证明某人/某物系某人/某物

e.g. She identified the man as her attacker.

(2)~ sth. with sth.认为某事物与另一事物等同

e.g. One can’t ~ happiness with wealth.

扩展:identification             n. identification card 身份证

2. alternative         adj. 供选择的,其他的

e.g. The way was blocked ,so we had to go by ~ road.

       这条路阻塞,我们只能走其他路。

3. interrupt     vt. 1) 打断,中断,阻碍

The war ~ed the trade between the 2 countries. e.g.

战争打断了两国间的贸易。

②Sorry to interrupt you, but I have something

     to say.  打断某人的话

~ sb. /sth. with sth.

              用……打扰/打断……

      e.g.他用一个问题打断了他的老师。

       He interrupted his teacher with a question.

     (2) interrupt sb.  打扰某人

   e.g. ①Don’t interrupt me. I am very busy. 打扰某人

4. assume              vt. 假定,设想;担任,承担

(1)assume后多跟 1) 名词,2)宾语+ to be + n. / adj.,

     3) that 从句

e.g.  1. The scientist  ~ that there no animals on the moon.

              科学家设想月球上没有动物.

              2.  I  ~d the responsibility.   我来承担责任。

    3. He assumed a great man.  他假装是伟人.

(2) assuming放在句首,表一种猜测。

e.g. Assuming it rains tomorrow, what shall we do?

扩展: assumption        n.     make an assumption

5. regardless of    不管;不顾;不注意

e.g.        He went ~ the risk.  他不顾危险地去了。

       He is ~ his appearance.  他不注意自己的外表。

6. preserve            vt.(1) 保存;保护;收藏

e.g. You can ~ meat or fish in salt.

       你可以用盐来保存肉或鱼。

(2) 保持;维持

e.g. It is one of the duties of the police to ~ public order

7.sharpen. vt /vi 使变锐利 锋利 、磨快刀

sharpen a pencil with a knife.

Sharpen a knife.

Sharpene stone tools.

n. sharpener 磨快的用具

adj. Sharp 锐利的、陡峭的、激烈的、凛冽的

8.Preserve vt  保存、保护 、保管

The city should take steps to preserve the old temple.

Preserve… from..保护使免于

Oil preserves metal from rust.

Vt.保存 、储藏 , 维持、保护

Preserve fruit in sugar cans.

Preserve one’s strength.

9.I’m sorry to interrupt you, but how could they live here?

  I’m sorry, but ……

  Excuse me , but….

10.We have been excavating layers of ash almost six meters thick, which suggest that they might have kept the fire burning all winter.

six meters thick

six years old

The Forth period    Learning about language and using language

Teaching goals 教学目标

1. Target language目标语言:

重点词汇和短语

look ahead, accelerate, arrest, dizzy, relief, eyebrow, cheekbone, arrowhead, axe, division,  affection, affectionate, patient, skillful, exhausting

2. Ability goals能力目标

Enable the Ss to describe the life of early people

Task-based method, reading and discussion

Content 教学内容

Step I  Revision and Lead-in

1.  Check the homework.

2.Ask the Ss to recite some useful words and expressions.

Step II  Lead-in

Ask the Ss to turn to page 43 and look at the picture, then try to describe what are these early people are doing. And imagine what their life was like.

Step III Language Points

Play the tape for the Ss to listen. At the same time, the students are asked to find the answers to the following questions.

1.      Which jobs did Dahu do? ( to make tools, catch fish, cut up meat, scraper the fish and welcome guests)

2.      Which jobs did Lala do?(to collect nuts and fruit, to prepare the meat over the fire)

3.      Who works cooperatively and who does tasks alone? (Both men and women work cooperatively. For example, Lala’s mother and aunts were preparing the meat of deer and pig over the fire. Men do tasks alone)

4.      Who does the most dangerous tasks?( men do the most dangerous tasks)

5.      Where does the danger come from? ( The danger comes from the wild animals)

Step IV Post Reading

1.      In groups discuss what the possible work division was between men and women at that time.

Mens’ tasks: making tools, fishing, making fire, protecting the family form wild animals, cutting up meat.

Women’s tasks: collecting nuts and fruits, making and sewing clothes, looking after baby, preparing food, doing housework.

2.      Then ask them to look at the above item and try to use adjective best describe each of them.

Adjectives best describe the women:

caring, affectionate, safe, co-operative

Step Ⅴ Homework

Practicing using two or more adjectives to describe the Saxingdui Ruins objects on page44.

 

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