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高二选修6 Unit 2 Poems-Grammar[教案]

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教案3 Unit2  Poems-Grammar

Teaching material
NSEFC Book 6 — Unit 2
Teaching aims
Enable the students to master the usage of the Subjunctive mood.
Teaching important points
How to enable the students to know the structure and the usage of the Subjunctive mood.
Teaching difficult points
How to help the students to master the usage of the Subjunctive mood.
Teaching aids
tape recorder, slides
Teaching procedures

Step1 Revision
1. 虚拟语气在if条件状语从句中的用法
 

 设类型  条件从句谓语
动词形式  主语谓语
动词形式  与现在事实相反  动词的过去式(be用were而不用was)  should/ would  /could/ might+动词原形  与过去事实相反  had + 过去分词  should/ would/could
/might + have+过去分词  与将来事实相反 1.should+动词原形
2.动词过去式
3.were to+动词原形  should/ would/ could/ might +动词原形


2. Wish 引导的宾语从句
 

 与现在事实相反   过去时(were)  与过去事实相反   had+过去分词  与将来事实相反   would/could/might+动词原形


I wish I were a bird.
I wish he hadn‘t done that. (do)
I wish I would be rich in the future.
 
3. 表示要求,命令,建议的虚拟语气
一个坚持  ___________ 两个命令_____________
 三个建议_____________四个要求____________
Keys:1). insist      2). order, command 
3). advise, suggest, and propose 4). demand, require, request, desire
这些动词后面的宾语从句要使用虚拟语气用法。即从句中的动词使用should + 动词原形, 或者将should省略。
The doctor suggested that he (should) try to lose his weight.
He insisted that we (should) tell him the news.

虚拟语气(二)
the Subjunctive mood
1. 表语从句、同位语从句中的虚拟语气
在suggestion, proposal, order, plan, idea, advice, decision等需要有内涵的名词后面的表语从句、同 位语从句中,要使用虚拟语气。其谓语动词应用:should+原形动词。另外连接从句的that不能省 略。例:
My suggestion is that we should go there at once.
What do you think of his proposal that we should put on a play at the English evening?

2、It’s necessary/strange/natural/ important/pity/no wonder/impossible + that Clause 从句中的动词要用虚拟, 即(should)+动词原形
It is strange that he (should) say so.
他居然会这样说,真是奇怪。
It is a great pity that you (should) think so.
他居然会这样想,真是一件憾事。
It is natural that a bird (should) rest in trees.
鸟在树上安歇是很自然的。
It is necessary that he be sent to Beijing right away.
有必要立即派他去北京。

3、在It is/was suggested /ordered / demanded / proposed / etc. 结构中要使用虚拟语气。如:
It‘s requested that we (should) keep the stability of the society for the people’s peaceful life.
It’s suggested that the plan be carried out.
It is ordered that all the troops (should) withdraw three miles away. 根据命令,所有部队撤至三英哩以外。
It is arranged that he leave for Canada on Friday. 照安排,他星期五动身去加拿大。
It is suggested that the English evening be held on Saturday. 有人建议,英语晚会周六举行。

4. would rather 后的宾语从句。如:
I would rather you could teach me again.
The manager would rather that his secretary went to the meeting instead of him .经理宁愿他的秘书代替他去开会。

5. as if, as though引导的从句。
以as if 、as though(似乎,仿佛)引出的方式状语从,如果表示真实情况应该用直陈语气;如果表示非真实情况则应该用虚拟语气, 其谓语动词的虚拟式与wish后面宾语从句中谓语动词的虚拟式相同。

>>《高二选修6 Unit 2 Poems-Grammar[教案]》这篇教育教学文章来自[www.170yx.com网]www.170yx.com 收集与整理,感谢原作者。 The little boy knows so many things as if he was a man.
He acted as usual as though nothing had happened.
1.  The boy acted ____ he had never lived in Canada before.
A. as though   B. even if     C. as      D. since
Key:A

6. 由if only (要是……,那该多好啊!)引导的惊叹句。如:
If only I had passed the test !
If only it stopped raining!
比较if only与only if
only if表示"只有";if only则表示"如果……就好了"。If only也可用于陈述语气。
I wake up only if the alarm clock rings. 只有闹钟响了,我才会醒。
If only the alarm clock had rung.   当时闹钟响了,就好了。
If only he comes early.       但愿他早点回来。

7. It is (high) time that
It is (high) time that 后面的从句谓语动词要用过去式或用should加动词原形,但should不可省略。
 It is time that the children went to bed.
 It is high time that the children should go to bed.
It is high time that we had our lunch. 该是我们吃午饭的时候了。
 It is time that he made up his mind. 该是他作出决定的时候了。

Step3 Exercises
Multiple choices
1. It was urgent that he _________ her immediately.
A. calls B.called C.call D.would call
2. It’s high time that something _________ to prohibit selling fake commodities.
A. must be done B.was done C. be done D. were done
3. There was a traffic jam; otherwise I ____ here on time.
A. would be B. had been C. should be D. would have been
4.The teacher agreed to the suggestion that the students ___ two weeks to prepare for the exam.
A. give B.  should give C.  be given   D.  would be given
5.I didn’t go to the party, but I do wish I ___ there.
A. was B.  were C.  had been D.  went
6.It is strange that such a thing ___ in your school.
A. will happen B.  happens C.  should happen   D.  happened
7.I’d rather you ___ right away.
 A. leave   B.  Left   C.  will leave D.  to leave
8.It is required that you ____ at six.
A. will arrive        B. arrive           C. arrived          D. would arrive
9. If only I _____ how to operate an electronic computer as you do.
A. had known      B. would know      C. should know     D. knew

Keys: CBDC CCBBD

Step 4  Homework
1.Finish exercises of Discovering useful structures.
2. Preview Using Language.

>>《高二选修6 Unit 2 Poems-Grammar[教案]》这篇教育教学文章来自[www.170yx.com网]www.170yx.com 收集与整理,感谢原作者。 如果觉得高二选修6 Unit 2 Poems-Grammar[教案]不错,可以推荐给好友哦。

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