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英语教案-unit 1

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Unit 1 Good friends

The first period
Step1.

  First review some words that we have learned.(my web)

  Then come to Unit 1. Good friends

 T:Do you have friends?

   Who is your best friend?

   Why do you like him/her best?

How to be a friend

  Too many people want others to be their friends,but they don’t give friendship back.That is why some friendships don’t last very long. To have a friend,you must learn to be one. You must learn to treat your friend the way you want your friend to treat you.Learning to be a good friend means learning three rules:be honest,be generous,be understanding.

 T:I’ll tell you a short story:

Man’s Best Friend

  A long time ago,in a small house in Scotland,two friends lived together.Their names were John and Bobby.John and Bobby were not rich,but they were happy.They had a warm fire when it was cold outside.They had good food to eat when they were hungry.They were never lonely because they had each other.
  John and Bobby liked to take long walks together.After their walk,John usually cooked dinner.John and Bobby ate dinner and then sat in front of the fire.They had a simple but good life.
  Then,in the spring of 1858,John got sick and died.He was buried in a cemetery in Edinburgh,Scotland.After John was buried,Bobby stood at John’s grave and cried.“Come on,Bobby,”friends said.“It’s time to go home.”Bobby went home,but later he returned to the cemetery.He sat down near John’s grave.He stayed there all night.
  Bobby stayed at the cemetery the next day,and the next day,and the next.For the next 14 years,Bobby never left the cemetery.When the weather was cold or rainy,he slept in a small house at the cemetery.When the weather was warm,he slept on the ground near John’s grave.
  Finally,in 1872,Bobby died,too.Friends buried him in a little grave near John.Why was Bobby’s grave little?Bobby,John’s best friend,was a dog.

Step2.Let’s come to Warming up.
T:OK.Now I want you to discuss two questions.

1.What should a good friend be like?

2.What qualities should a good friend have?

Discuss them in groups of four.After a while,everyone is asked to make a sentence using the words in the box below. Of course,you can use other words if you like.

Add some words to describe persons:

  Diligent,confident,silent,selfish,unselfish,patient,easy-going,out-going(外向),talkative,humourous,strict,naughty,gentle,shy,quiet,warm-hearted,good-tempered,reliable

Now,ask Ss to describe a good friend.Time permitting,ask more while speaking,Ss can use such phrase as”I think…/In my opinion…”

  S1:…     S2:….

Then Ss describe themselves in three adjective?

Step3.Listening

You are going to hear two friends arguing.They are talking about some common problems that may occur in a friendship.

What are they arguing about?

How to solve their problems?

Now listen carefully,write down what you hear.Play each situation twice.At last I’ll check the answer with the whole class,Is that clear?

(While playing the tape,pause for Ss to write down the information).Then check.

Step4.Speaking


英语教案-unit 1由www.170yx.com收集及整理,转载请说明出处www.170yx.com
www.170yx.com T:Now.I’d like to know something about your favourite hobbies?

(Come up to one boy).What are your favourite hobbies?

  What about you?(to another s)

T:yes,we know different people can have different hobbies.Now look at the part—“Speaking” on P2.You are given four minutes to read the following self-introduction.After that,fill in the following form.

……

Check their answers.

Now discuss in pairs who could be friends according to the form which you filled in just now. Of course,you’d better give your partner your reasons.When you express your ideas,you can use such sentence structure.

1.       I’m sure_____and_____could be friends,because…

2.       I’m not sure if____and____could be friends,because…

3.       Perhaps____and_____could be friends because…

The Second Period

Step1.Check the Pre-reading

Step2.Come to Reading.

  First listen to the tape and then answer the three questions on the screen:

1. What does Chuck Noland do?

2. Does Chuck have any friend on the island? Who?

3.What does Chuck learn about himself when he is alone on the island?

Then Ss read the text again

Step3.Fill in the blanks according to the text:

  In the movie Cast Away Tom _____a man ______Chuck Noland. Chuck is a __________who is always___ busy _____he has little time for his friends. His company is to send____ all over the world. One day Chuck is on a_____ across the Pacific Ocean______ suddenly his plane______ and he lands on a_______ island.So Chuck has to learn to _______all alone. Perhaps the most difficult challenge is how to survive without friends.

  In order to survive, Chuck_______ a friendship with an_______ friend – a _________he calls Wilson. He________ that he hasn’t been a good friend, because he has always been_______ about himself. During his five years on the island, Chuck learns____ to be a good friend___Wilson. He learns that we need friends to______ happiness and sorrow. When he makes friends with Wilson, he understands that friendship is about feelings and ______we must give as much as we______.

  Most of our friends are human beings, but we also make friends with____ and_____ things. What we can learn from Chuck is______ friendship helps us understand _____ kind of people we are, _____we need each other and ______we can do for each other.

After finishing the work,let Ss read this whole passage again.

Step4.Show Ss the key words and retell the text:

movie…plays a man…businessman…busy…time…

company…mail…flight…crashes…lands…deserted.  learn…survive…challenge…without friends

In order…develops…unusual…calls…realizes…

   has not…because…been thinking…during…

   learns how…learns…need…share…makes friends…


英语教案-unit 1由www.170yx.com收集及整理,转载请说明出处www.170yx.com
www.170yx.com    understands that…friendship…feelings…and that

   …give…take

Most of…human beings…also make…animals…

   even things…what…learn from…that…helps…

   understand what…why…what…

Ask Ss to blurt out the text in groups/rows/teams/lines

Step 5.Reciting and translating

Now let Ss recite the whole text without referring to the key words.

Then translate the Chinese together with the Ss.

Step6.Homework:

1.       Recite the passage.

2.       Rewrite the passage without referring to the Chinese.

The Third Period

Step1.Revision:Ask Ss to recite the text

Step2.Language points:

1.so+形容词/副词+that从句

so+形容词+a/an+可数名词单数+that从句

so+many/much/few/little(表数量)+名词+that从句

such+a/an+形容词+可数名词单数+that从句

such+形容词+复数名词/不可数名词

such+a lot of/lots of+名词+that从句

1).汉译英

    ①我们都那麽兴奋,以致我们高兴得跳了起来。

    ②那个湖那麽美,我们都被迷住了。

    ③他跑得那麽快,我追不上他。

2) 单项选择

    ④It’s ____that most of us want to go outing.

       A.such fine weather    B.such a fine weather

       C.so fine weather        D.so fine a weather

    ⑤There were___radios in the shop__I couldn’t decide which to choose.

       A.such much,that  B.so much,that  C.such many,that D.so many,that

     改错

     ⑥There is such much water in the bottle that you can drink some.

     ⑦He is such good a student that all the teachers like him.

     替换练习

     ⑧She got up early so that she could catch the train.

       She got up early____  ______  _____catch the train.


英语教案-unit 1由www.170yx.com收集及整理,转载请说明出处www.170yx.com
www.170yx.com  ***She got up so early_____  ______catch the train   

扩展:1.”so+adj./adv”放在句首时,主谓部分用倒装。

     So fast did he run that I couldn’t catch up with him.

   2.So+adj.+an/a+n.+that…

too+adj.+an/a+n.+to do

as+adj.+an/a+n.+as

3.so that表目的时可换成 in order that

 in order (not) to/so as(not) to

2.When:and then/and at that time(高考考点)

1).汉译英

 ①我正要离去,就在这时电话铃响了。

 ②他们正举行舞会,突然发生了火灾。

 ③她们没走多远,就发现钱包被盗。

2).单项选择

 ④We were swimming in the lake____suddenly the storm started.

     A.when   B.while   C.until    D.before

 ⑤ He was about to tell me the secret____someone patted himon the shoulder.

     A.as        B.that      C.when   D.while

  改错

 ⑥I was watching TV when he was doing some washing.

 ⑦Tom was about to leave as the teacher came in.

简析:when:something unexpected happens

 常用三种时态:was about to do sth.when…

               was doing sth.when…

               hadn’t done when…

3. have been thinking

  have done

1).汉译英

  ①他现在一定很累,因为他一直工作了一整天。

  ②我教学已经有十年了。

  ③那个男孩等家长等了两个小时了。

2). ④ All these days these boys ___ football on the playground.

   A.have always played      B.have been playing 

   C.always played          D.are always playing

   ⑤ --Hi, Tracy, you look tired.

      --I’m tired. I___the living room all day.

    A.painted    B.had painted  C.have been painting   D.have painted

4.should have done:express”unpleased”or”scold”

  1).汉译英

   ①所有的票都卖光了,你应该早点来

   ②植物都死了,我本该早点儿给它们浇水的

   ③你又迟到了,你本该早点儿来的

   ④作为朋友,我本应该给他一些帮助


英语教案-unit 1由www.170yx.com收集及整理,转载请说明出处www.170yx.com
www.170yx.com 2). ⑤ I told Sally how to get there, but perhaps I __ for her.

   A.had to write it out          B.must have written it out

   C.should have written it out    D.ought to write it out

   ⑥ I was really anxious about you. You__home without a word.

   A.mustn’t have            B.shouldn’t have left   

   C.couldn’t have left        D.should leave

   ⑦ Oh, I’m not feeling well in the stomach. I __so much friedchicken just now.

   A.shouldn’t eat            B.mustn’t have eaten   

   C.shouldn’t have eaten      D.mustn’t eat

5.even if=even though

 as if=as though

 It looks as if it is going to rain.=It looks like rain.

 He treats the girl as if she were his own daughter.

 1)汉译英

 ①即使明天下雨,我也要去那儿。

 ②即使我一夜不睡觉,我也要帮你完成它。

 ③尽管他很累,他还是做完了它。

2)单项选择

 ③ John is an honest man. I say it,___I have opposed him.

  A.as if      B.so that     C.even though     D.while

 ④ I won’t attend her party,___I am invited.

  A.but       B.even if     C.while          D.when

 ⑤ I’ll do it carefully ___ it will take more hours.

   A.even     B.till        C.if             D.even though

 改错

  ⑥Even though she is a little girl, but she knows a lot.

  ⑦ she won’t leave the TV, as if her husband is waiting

          for his supper.

6.对比:so/neither(nor)

 强调:so he did./So it is.

 复杂对比:so it is with…/it is the same with…

7.I’m not into classical music.

=I’m not fond of…

 

The Fourth Period

Step1.Ss recite the passage.

     Show Ss a passage and ask Ss to find out the mistakes in it:

   In the movie Cast Away Tom plays a man named Chuck Noland. Chuck is a busnessman who is always so busy that he has little time for his friends. His company is send mail all over the world. One day Chuck is on a flight accross the Pacific Ocean when suddenly his plane crashes and he lands on a deserted island where Chuck has to learn to servive all alone. Perhaps the most diffcult challange is that how to survive without friends.


英语教案-unit 1由www.170yx.com收集及整理,转载请说明出处www.170yx.com
www.170yx.com    In order to survive, Chuck developes a friendship with a unusual friend – a volleyball he calls Wilson. He realizes that he hasnt been a good friend, because he has always been thinking himself. During his five years on the island, Chuck learns how to be a good friend to Wilson. He learns that we need friends to share happiness and sorrow. When he make friends with Wilson, he understands that friendship is about feelings and we must give as much as we take.

     Most of friends are human beings, but we also make friend with animals and even things. What can we learn from Chuck is friendship helps us understand who we are, why we need each other and what we can do for each other.

(businessman,加to,across,survive,difficult,challenge,去掉that,develops,an,加about,makes,加that,加our,friends,we can,加that)

Step2.Grammar

Show the following test to check what they remember about the grammar.

Direct Speech and Indirect Speech

一、陈述句(Statements)

变为间接引语时,要用连词_________引导,从句中的____、______、_______、________、_______等要作相应的变化。

二、疑问句(Questions)

变为间接引语时,要把疑问句语序改为___________,句末用________,主语的人称、时态和状语等也要作相应的变化。

1)              一般疑问句:变为间接引语时,要用连词_________或 ______引导。主句中的谓语动词是said时,要改为_________。没有间接宾语,可以加一个间接宾语(me,him或us等)。

2)              特殊疑问句:变为间接引语时,仍用原来的疑问词引导。

二、祈使句(Imperatives)

变为间接引语时,要将祈使句的动词原形变为_________,并在不定式的前面根据句子的意思加上_______、 _________、 ________等动词,其句型是:____________________________、其否定式是:___________________________。

时态变化

1)  如主句的谓语动词是现在时,从句的时态____________。

2)  如主句的谓语动词是一般过去时,变间接引语时,从句的谓语动词在时态上要作如下变化:

   ①一般现在时变为

②现在进行时变为

③现在完成时变为

④一般过去时变为

⑤一般将来时变为

⑥过去完成时变为

⑦过去进行时变为

⑧过去将来时变为

指示代词、时间状语、地点状语和动词的变化:

1.this                   2.these               3.now

4.today                                5.yesterday                   6.tomorrow


英语教案-unit 1由www.170yx.com收集及整理,转载请说明出处www.170yx.com
www.170yx.com 7.ago                                  8.here                          9.come

注意:

1)  直接引语如果是客观真理时,变为间接引语时,__________.

2)  如果在当地转述,here不必改为_______,动词come不必改为______。如果在当天转述,yesterday,tomorrow等时间状语也不必改变。

直接引语中如果有具体的过去时间状语,如:in 1998,一般过去时不变。

He said he was born in 1980.




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