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高一英语growing pains教案1

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Unit2 growing pains-Grammarand usage学案
关系代词前面的介词的选用原则:
一、介词与动词搭配:即介词是从句中谓语动词短语的一部分
    1) 用“介词+关系代词”填空
1. The girl _____ _____ I shook hands at the school gate is the best singer in our school.
2. In the dark street, there wasn’t a single person ______ _______ she could turn for help.
3. The gentleman _______ ________ you told me yesterday proved to be a thief.
4. He is an experienced worker, _____ _____ we can learn a lot.
5. We thought you were a person _____ _____ we could expect good decisions.
6. The two subjects _____ _____ my friend was not sure were maths and geography.
7. The girl _____ _____ I lent my dictionary is honest.
8. He has tried his best to learn English, ______ ______ he has made rapid progress.
9. He’ll never forget the policeman, _____ _____ he was saved from the lake.
10. The English play _____ _____ my students acted at the New Year's party was a great success.
2) 单项填空
1. The artist ______ the judge gave a prize is the teacher ______ I have been taught painting for two years.
A. from whom; by whom           B. to whom; who
C. from whom; who               D. to whom; by whom
2. The fellow I spoke ______ no answer at first.
   A. made      B. to make      C. to made     D. to making
3. The boss _______ department Ms King worked ten years ago looked down upon women.
A. in which      B. in that        C. in whose        D. whose
4. Don’t talked about such things of ________ you are not sure.
A. which        B. what      C. those        D. as
5. Do you know the man ____________ ?
A. whom I spoke         B. to him I spoke
C. I spoke to             D. that I spoke
6. We saw several natives advancing towards our party, and one of them came up to us, _____ we gave some bells and glasses.
A. to which      B. to whom        C. with whom       D. with which
7. ––– Why does she always ask you for help?
  ––– There is no one else _________, is there? (2005 北京)
A. who to turn to          B. she can turn to  
C. for whom to turn      D. for her to turn
二、介词与先行词是习惯性搭配,并且要注意句子所要表达的意义。
    1) 用“介词+关系代词”填空
1. He bought a beautifully printed book ______ _____ there are many nice pictures.
2. The little creature _____ _____ scientists are interested is known as ET.
3. The age _____ _____ children can go to school is seven.
4. The pen ____  ______ she wrote that book can now be seen in a museum.
5. The bike ____ _____ he went to school every day was stolen last night.
6. She had saved the money, _____ ______ she bought a nice computer.
7. That worker made a serious mistake, _____ _____ he was forced to leave his factory.
8. In the factory there is a transformer(变压器)_____ _____ is painted the word “danger”.
9. This is the official _____ _____ we’ve got the news we need most.
10. Is this the camera _____ _____ he took these photographs?
11. Do you know the lady _____ _____ Mrs Evans went to the party last night?
12. Is there a shop _____ _____ we can buy an English dictionary?
2) 单项填空
1. The shop she usually did her shopping _____ every Saturday has been pulled down for the city center.
A. on        B. in        C. for         D. /
2. Many people who had seen the film were afraid to go to the forest when they remembered the scenes ______ people were eaten by the tiger.  (2005 广东)
  A. in which        B. by which        C. which       D. that
3. The place ______ the bridge is supposed to be built should be ______ the cross-river traffic is the heaviest.(2005 江苏)
  A. which; where              B. at which; which
  C. at which; where          D. which; in which


高一英语growing pains教案1由www.170yx.com收集及整理,转载请说明出处www.170yx.com
www.170yx.com 4. Madam Curie, ________ life was hard at college, was a woman of strong characters and that’s why she made her mark in history.
A. on whom       B. in which        C. for whose        D. for whom
5. Do you really like the girl ________?
A. whom you often go out         B. who you often go out
C. with who you often go out       D. you often go out with
三、表示“整体中的部分”或“所有关系(这时of which 或of whom = whose+名词)”时,用介词of.
1. The people, ________ had been damaged by the flood, were given help by the Red Cross.
A. all of their homes               B. all whose homes
C. whose all homes                D. all of whose homes
2. There are 55 students in our class, ______ 24 are girls, _______ are boys.
A. of which; others                B. of which; the rest
C. of whom; others                D. of whom; the rest
China has thousands of islands __________ the largest one is Taiwan.
A. among them       B. of which       C. of them       D. among of them
America has more than fifty states, ______, Kentucky, is the place _______ Abraham Lincoln was born.
A. one of it; where             B. one of which; where
C. one of that; which           D. one of which; which
5. It is reported that two schools, ________ are being built in my hometown, will open next year.
   A. they both     B. which both    C. both of them     D. both of which
6. I was given three books on cooking, the first _______ I really enjoyed.
  A. of that B. of which C. that       D. which
四、该介词完全要根据要表达的意思来决定
1) 用“介词+关系代词”填空
1. Water is a thing _____ ______ fish can swim.
2. Water is a thing _____ ______ man cannot live.
3. My glasses, _____ _____ I was a blind man, fell to the ground and broken.
4. She was educated at Beijing University, _____ _____ she went on to have her advanced study abroad.
2) 单项填空
1. The schools themselves admit that not all children will be successful in the job _________ they are being trained.  (2005 江西)          
  A. in that     B. for that    C. in which    D. for which
2. Eric received training in computer for one year, ______ he found a job in a big company.
A. after that         B. after which        C. after it            D. after this
3. Mark was a student at this university from 1999 to 2003, _________ he studied very hard and
was made Chairman of the Students’ Union.
  A. during which time          B. for which time
  C. during whose time          D. by that time

选择哪个关系词关键要看:
1)一看是限定性定语从句还是非限定性定语从句:非限定性定语从句一般不用that引导。
2)二看先行词是人还是物:which不能指代人,who, whom不能指代物,that和whose既可代替人也可代替物。
3)三看关系词在定语从句中的作用:who, that, which可以作主语,也可以作宾语;whom只能作宾语; whose只能作定语;when, where, why在定语从句中作状语。
4) 先行词是地点,不一定用where,关键要看定语从句中缺少什么成分,缺少地点状语用where,缺少主语、宾语用that/which。先行词是表示时间的名词不一定用when,在定语从句中作时间状语才用when,如果在从句中作主语、宾语要用that/which。先行词是reason, way时也一样,关键要看在从句中作什么成分。
    Ex.
1.  I shall never forget those years ______ I lived in the country with the farmers, _______ has a great effect on my life.
A. that; which      B. when; which       C. which; that     D. when; it
2.  The days ________ we were together without any worries are gone and I’ll always remember the days ________ we spent together.
A. which; that    B. when; when       C. when; that      D. which; when
3. We are living in an age              many things are done on computer.


高一英语growing pains教案1由www.170yx.com收集及整理,转载请说明出处www.170yx.com
www.170yx.com A. which                 B. that                     C.whose                  D. when
4. Great changes have taken place in that school. It is no longer ______ it was 20 years ago, ______ it was so poorly equipped.
A. what; when       B. that; which        C. what; which      D. which; that
5. ––– I went to see you at about ten this morning, but you were not in the office.
  ––– Oh, that was probably _______ I was talking with the headmaster.
   A. when       B. why     C. what        D. that
6. Today’s Sichuan has become a representative of the west development, a place _____ hopes and opportunities have replaced poverty and backwardness.
A. which     B. that     C. where     D. there
7. The village has developed a lot ______ we learned farming two years ago.
A. when   B. which  C. that   D. where
8. Some pre-school children go to a day care center, ______ they learn simple games and songs.                                                 
A. then     B. there        C. while        D. where
9. Today, we’ll discuss a number of cases ______ beginners of English fail to use the language properly. (2007 陕西) 
A. which   B. as  C. why   D. where
10. I work in a business _________ almost everyone is waiting for a great chance.
  A. how         B. which         C. where         D. that
11. Those successful deaf dancers think that dancing is an activity ______ sight matters more than hearing. (2007 天津)
A. when        B. whose         C. which         D. where
12. After graduation she reached a point in her career ______ she needed to decide what to do.                                                          
   A. that       B. what        C. which      D. where
13. You are saying that everyone should be equal, and this is _______I disagree.
A. why        B. where      C. what        D. how
14. After the war, a new school building was put up ______ there had once been a theatre.                                                
   A. that         B. where          C. which         D. when
15. A modern city has been set up in ________ was a wasteland ten years ago.
   A. what          B. which          C. that           D. where
16. The reason ______ Mathilde and her husband had ten years of hard work was ________ they had to pay off all the debts.
A. that; why      B. why; that        C. why; because     D. that; why
17. ––– We were surprised to hear that the reason ______ she gave for her absence was ______   her mother was ill.
   ––– Yes. We saw her mother was at the supermarket that morning.


高一英语growing pains教案1由www.170yx.com收集及整理,转载请说明出处www.170yx.com
www.170yx.com    A. why; that     B. which; that     C. that; because    D. why; because
18. What surprised me was not what he said but          he said it.
A. the way    B. in the way that     C. in the way      D. the way which
19. So far this is the best way I’ve thought of ______ this problem.
A. settling      B. to settle      C. by setting      D. having settled
20. He is a strict but kind teacher, ________ is always trying to make his classes lively and interesting.
A. one       B. he        C. one who         D. he who
21. Is this museum ________ some German friends visited last Wednesday?
Is this the museum ________ some German friends visited last Wednesday?
  A. the one      B. which       C. that        D. where

单项填空
1. ______ and happy, Tony stood up and accepted the prize. (2006 全国)
A. Surprising     B. Surprised     C. Being surprised    D. To be surprising
2. When asked what to ______ the earned money, he simply made no answer.
A. go with      B. deal with       C. do with         D. manage with
3. “I don’t think it’s my ______ that the TV blew up (爆炸). I just turned it on, that’s all,” said the boy. (2003 上海)
A. error       B. mistake      C. fault          D. duty
4. He is such a man who is always ______ fault with other people.
A. putting       B. seeking       C. finding     D. looking for
5. Please make sure the lights will ______ if no one is in the room.
  A. go out     B. turn off     C. put out     D. take away
6. ______ I have heard the music I understand why you like it.
A. Unless     B. Even though     C. Now that     D. In case
7. He was so _____ with the ______ lecture that he fell asleep in the hall.
A. bored; bored     B. boring; boring      C. boring; bored     D. bored; boring
8. Bob thought he couldn’t go to the party because he had too much homework to finish, but he went ________.
A. at all      B. above all        C. after all        D. in all
9. He insisted that he ________ the bike and therefore _________.
  A. shouldn’t steal; shouldn’t be punished
  B. hadn’t stolen; shouldn’t be punished
  C. didn’t steal; hadn’t been punished
  D. not steal; not be punished
10. He has always insisted on _______ Dr Turner instead of Mr Turner.
A. been called      B. called     C. having called      D. being called
11. He no longer smokes now because his wife _______ him to give up smoking last year.
A. persuaded       B. advised      C. suggested         D. hoped
12. Jane’s pale face suggested that she ______ ill, and her parents suggested that she _______ medical examination.
A. be; should have     B. was; have       C. should be; had       D. was; has
13. ––– I really need to talk to you. ___________
   ––– Certainly. What’s the matter?
   A. Where are you going?               B. What shall I tell you?
   C. Can you spare me a few minutes?      D. When are you free?
14. The manager _______ happened to out the moment I called.
A. in charge of the project            B. who in charge of the project
C. was in charge of the project        D. the project was in charge of
15. ––– Excuse me, what’s the ______ of the room for a night?
––– Fifty dollars.


高一英语growing pains教案1由www.170yx.com收集及整理,转载请说明出处www.170yx.com
www.170yx.com A. pay      B. use        C. income       D. charge
16. This book ______ a gift for your child.
   A. means to be     B. means being     C. is meant to be     D. is meant being
17. I hate my mother, for she always forbids me ______ meeting my friends on line at the Internet café!
  A. of        B. on        C. from        D. off
18. ––– Yesterday morning I saw her swimming alone in the lake.
––– __________.
A. She mustn’t have done that.      B. oughtn’t to do that
C. I wonder why                 C. She wasn’t supposed to do that
19. The Internet is very popular now, but fifteen years ago no one could have imagined how great a role it _______ in our daily lives.
A. was to play     B. was playing     C. had played      D. played
21. No one ________ the building without the permission of the police.
A. is leaving    B. is to leave     C. has left     D. will be leaving
22. It ________ that the meeting about the environmental problems _______ at 9:00 am.
   A. has decided; is to hold             B. has decided; is to be held
   C. has been decided; is to be held      D. has been decided; is to hold
23. The traffic lights           green and I pulled away.
   A. came       B. grew       C. got        D. went
24. The big earthquake is reported to have _______ more than 4,000 people homeless.
A. remained        B. had        C. brought         D. left
25. The careless father hurried across the street, ______ his five-year-old boy ______
in the middle of the street.
A. leaving; stood            B. left; standing
C. left; stood               D. leaving; standing
26. He was so careless that he left _____ the door ________.
A. leaving … unlocked             B. to leave…locked
C. left…unlocking                 D. leaving…locking
27. This problem may lead to more serious ones if ______ unsolved.
   A. making       B. remained       C. keeping        D. left
28. Excuse me, but it’s time to have your temperature __________.
A. take      B. taken         C. taking        D. be taken
29. ––– The electrical fan she _______ in town yesterday works well again.
––– Thanks to the repairman, it does work well again.
A. repaired      B. had repaired      C. has repaired      D. had had repaired
30.I told Sally how to get here, but perhaps I __________ for her.
A. had to write it out           B. must have written it out
C. should have written it out     D. ought to write it out
31.I saw her in the office this morning. She __________ back to work without the doctor’s permission.
A. couldn’t come               B. couldn’t have come
C. should have come            D. shouldn’t have come
32. ––– Have you been to New Zealand?
   ––– No, I’d like to, _______. (2005 山东)
   A. too B. though C. yet        D. either
33. Now that she is out of a job, Lucy _____ going back to school, but she hasn’t decided yet.
A. had considered  B. has been considering
 C. considered  D. is going to consider
34. Although these scientists _______ on the project for nearly four years, I don’t know how long it will last.


高一英语growing pains教案1由www.170yx.com收集及整理,转载请说明出处www.170yx.com
www.170yx.com    A. have been working     B. had worked     C. were working     D. are working


Grammar
一、介词与动词搭配:即介词是从句中谓语动词短语的一部分
    1) 用“介词+关系代词”填空
with whom  2. about whom  3. about whom  4. from whom  5. from whom
6. about which  7. to whom  8. in which  9. by whom  10. in which
2) 单项填空
1 – 7 DCCACBB
二、介词与先行词是习惯性搭配,并且要注意句子所要表达的意义。
1) 用“介词+关系代词”填空
1. in which  2. in which  3. at which  4. with which  5. on which  6. with which
7. for which  8. on which  9. from whom  10. with which  11. with whom
12. in which
2) 单项填空
1 – 5 BACDD
三、表示“整体中的部分”或“所有关系(这时of which 或of whom = whose+名词)”时,用介词of.  1 – 6 DDBBDB
四、该介词完全要根据要表达的意思来决定
1) 用“介词+关系代词”填空
1. in which  2. without which  3. without which  4. after which
2) 单项填空: 1 – 3 DBA
选择哪个关系词关键要看:
1 – 5 BCDAA  6 – 10 CDDDC  11 – 15 DDBBA  16 – 20 BBABC  21. A/C
单项填空
1 – 5 BCCCA  6 – 10 CDCBD  11 – 15 ABCAD  16 – 19 CCCA 
21 – 25 BCDDD  26 – 30 ADBBC  31 – 34 DBBA


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