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Unit 2 English around the World

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Unit 2 English around the World
Period 4  Learning about Language
1.Teaching aims
Ss will be able to use direct speech and indirect speech
2. Teaching important point
Summarize the rules of Direct Speech and Indirect Speech.
3. Teaching difficult point
Learn about the special cases in which the tenses shouldn’t be changed.
4. Teaching methods
Discussing, summarizing and practicing.
5. Teaching procedures
Step 1.Discovering useful words and expressions
1. Work in pairs. Do exercises 1, 2, 3 and 4. Then check the answer you’re your classmates. The teacher helps the students discover the difference in prepositions.
2. Revise the phrases
be different from, pay a role(part) in, because of, in/on a team, the number of/a number of, than ever before, even if, comp up to, over time, communicate with, be based on, make use of, have one’s own identity, such as, Only time can tell, native speaker,
Step2.Direct and Indirect Speech
Revise the grammar of unit 1
Please change the direct speech into indirect speech
1. He said, “I’m going to Beijing tomorrow.
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2. “What a lovely girl!” they said.
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3. He asked, “Are you a teacher?”
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4. “This is the craziest thing I have heard of so far,” she thought.
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5. Mr Wang said, “I was born in China in September, 1972.”
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6. She said, “They had left when I arrived there.”
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7. She says, “Liu Fang is good at English.”
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8. He said, “The plane takes off at 6:30 am.”
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9. He said, “Where there is a will, the is a way.”
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10. “ How much do you think it will cost?” he said.
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Step3 Discovering useful structures
Ⅰ.Request and command
Open your books-------------command
Please open your books.------ request (polite)
Can you open your books please? --------request (polite)
Could / would you please open you books? --------request (polite)
1. Make clear the difference between commands and requests and finish the following exercises:
1) Go and collect the wood right now.
2) Could you go and get the shopping bags, please?
3) Shut the door at once.
4) Go and get my coat.
5) Would you please get that book for me?
2. Summary
 commands                          requests
Close the door!                     Please ………..
Get me something to eat!             Would you please…….
Speak louder……….                Could you please……
3. Change the commands into requests.
Close the door!      Speak louder!   Keep silent!      Get me something to drink
Ⅱ.Change a command into an Indirect Speech.
told sb (not) to do sth
“Open the window,”the teacher said to the students .
---------The teacher told the students to open the window.
“Don’t open the window,” the teacher said  to the students.
----------The teacher told the students not to open the window.
Ⅲ.Change a request into an Indirect Speech
ask(ed) sb (not) to do sth
“Open the window, please,” the teacher said to the students.
--------The teacher asked the students to open the window.
“Don’t open the window ,please,” the teacher said to the students
--------The teacher asked the students not to open the window.
特别提醒 1.祈使句变为间接引语,主要使用动词不定式。
2.谓语动词要做一定变化。
• 表示命令,用tell,order,command等。表示请求,用ask,beg,request等。表示忠告,用 advise。
Step4 Practice
1.“Shut up,”she said to him.
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2.“Speak louder, please,” he said to her.
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Unit 2 English around the World由www.170yx.com收集及整理,转载请说明出处www.170yx.com
www.170yx.com  “Can you speak louder?” he asked her
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3.“Try the lift,” she said to her.
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4.“Don’t wait for me,” he said to them.
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5.“Stop wasting the time,” she said to him.
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6.“Can you tell me a story?”  the girl asked her father.
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7.“Follow his instructions,’ she said to me.
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8.“Please could you come to the reception desk?” she asked him.
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9.“Change your dirty uniform!” he said to the clerk.
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10.“Can you lend me five yuan?” he asked me.
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11.The English teacher said to us, “Don’t speak Chinese, speak English.”
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12.She said to him, “ Don’t play a trick on me again.”
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Step 5 Group work
1. In groups of four, think of at least three commands your teachers and parents usually give.
You may follow these steps.
1) Choose one who is to give the first command.
2) Ask another person in your group to tell somebody what you said.
3) The third person will change the request or command from direct into indirect speech.
4) Change role so that each person gets the chance to give commands and turn them into indirect speech.
Example: 
T: Please don’t talk in class.
S1: What did our teacher tell us? / What did our teacher say?
 S2: He told/asked us not to talk in class. / She said not to talk in class.


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