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高一英语a volunteer teacher教案

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Lesson 3 A Volunteer Teacher
Words and Phrases
1. make a decision to do sth.决定做某事
decide v.
decision n.
decisive adj. 决定性的; 明确的;
决定做某事:
Decide to do sth.
We decided to put off the trip to the US.我们决定推迟美国之行。
Decide that(从句用should do,should可省略)
We decide that we should widen the road.我们决定拓宽这条路。
Make a decision to do sth.
He has made a decision to buy a new computer.他已经决定买一台新电脑。
Make up one’s mind to do sth.
The doctor made up his mind to go aboard for further education.那位医生决定出国深造。
Determine to do sth
We have determined to get the work done before National Day.我们已决定国庆节前完成这项工作。
Be determined to do sth.
He is determined to give up smoking.他决心戒烟。
一句多译。
这位年轻科学家决心继续自己的研究。
The young scientist decided to go on with his research.
The young scientist decided that he should go on with his research.
The young scientist made a decision to go on with his research.
The young scientist made up his mind to go on with his research.
The young scientist determined to go on with his research.
The young scientist is determined to go on with his research.
2. graduate from从……毕业
见《双》第2期B2版
3. be different from与……不同
different adj.
difference n.
make a difference产生差别,有影响,起重要作用
make no difference没有影响
differ v.
differ from不同于; 和...不同; 和...意见不一致
differently adv.
他的意见和我的完全不同。
His opinion is entirely different from mine.
His opinion differs entirely from mine.
你选择哪一个,事关重大。It makes a difference which you choose.
不管你去还是不去,对我没有影响。It makes no difference to me whether you go or not.
4. be proud of sth/sb.以……为骄傲,以...为荣; 以...自豪
proud adj.
as proud as a peacock 像孔雀那样骄傲;
pride n/v.
be proud of = take pride in以……为骄傲,以...为荣; 以...自豪
pride oneself on/upon 以……自豪, 夸耀……
她感到自豪。
She is proud of herself.
She takes pride in herself.
她妈妈以她为荣。
Her mother is proud of her daughter.
Her mother takes pride in her daughter.
他以会说法语而自豪。
He prides himself on his ability to speak French.
Sentences
1. It’s my duty to do something for students in poor areas.
It is +n. to do sth.(it 形式主语to do sth.真正的主语)
It is +adj. to do sth.
帮助他人是件好事。It is good to help others.
照料那位病人是我的职责。It is my duty to care for that patient.
掌握一门外语不是件容易的事。 It is not an easy thing to master a foreign language.
在别人背后说坏话是不对的。It isn’t right to speak ill of someone behind his back.
上网是件令人兴奋的事。It is exciting to surf the Internet.

2. That’s why I made the decision to go.这就是我决定去的原因。
That’s the reason why I made the decision to go. the reason why
此句型意为“…的理由”。why 是关系副词,由“介系词+关系代名词which”变化而成,引导形容词子句,修饰名词。可保留why,而将前面的名词省略;也可将why省略。the reason why无非限定用法,即why之前不可以加逗点。
That’s (the reason) why he cried.那就是他为何哭的原因。
That’s (the reason) why I am here.那就是我在这里的原因。
That’s (the reason) why you go away.那就是你离开的原因。

3. They are said to be very good students.据说他们是非常优秀的学生。
= It is said that they are very good students.
Sb. be said to be…. → It is/was said that sb. be…→People say that……
Sb. be reported to be…. → It is/was reported that sb. be… People report that…
Sb. be believed to be…. → It is/was believed that sb. be…People believe that…
He was said to be very formal, rigid and hopelessly out of date.
=It was said that he was very formal, rigid and hopelessly out of date.
据说有100多个人在这次事故中受伤.
It was said that more than 100 people were injured in this accident.
More than 100 people were said to be injured in this accident.
People say that more than 100 people were injured in this accident.

将来时补充练习
用所给的词的适当形式填空
1. Tomorrow will be / is (be) Sunday.
2. --Look, the lights in the classroom are still on.
-- I will go (go) and turn them off.
3. The film is going to be shown/ is to be shown (show) this Sunday.
4. There are too many people in the boat. It is going to sink.(sink)
5. Don’t go out. The meeting is about to begin.(begin)
6. --What would you do if it rains (rain) tomorrow?
--We have to carry it on, since we’ve got everything ready.
7. --Did you tell Julie about the result?
--Oh, no, I forgot. I will call (call) her now.
8. Turn on the television or open a magazine and you will often see (see) advertisement showing happy families.
9. Let’s keep to the point or we will never reach (reach) any decision.
 


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