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高一英语Food for thought教案3

高一英语Food for thought教案3为http://www.170yx.com整理发布,类型为高一英语教案,本站还有更多关于外研版高一英语教案,高一英语教案设计,高一英语教案免费下载,免费教案 - 英语教案 - 高一英语教案的文章。

Chapter 6 Food for Thought-more Reading
一、 章节分析(Reading section)
(一)阅读地位(Reading Position)
1 本文是对生活饮食中的辨题为讨论的切入口,提出做事不能走极端。并表达观点,最后做总结。这是一篇典型的讨论均衡饮食的议论文。全文分三段,结构清晰,脉络分明,是学生学习写议论文的很好的范例。
2 分析文章中段与段的联系和段内的语言表达。如opening paragraph 的引入中,用了many people believe…others say that …的对比,we also hear …另一观点的引入。在supporting paragraph 中,用了Obviously, you might think that… 来表达本文的观点,并用了科学家的两个提醒和一个例子来论证观点。如Scientists have again and again warned us that…/ Scientists have also told us that…/ They say, for example…在conclusion paragraph 中,用了Therefore, 来总结强调文章观点并加以延伸。在讲课中教师要注意总结议论文三段论的写法。可以找一些论题做操练。
3 结合本课的语法重点学会在表达观点时正确使用宾语从句,尤其是动词的用法。如 believe, say, think, warn, tell  等等。建议以旧带新,温故知新。
4 其它表示观点的句式和句型。
Who is right and what is your opinion?
Are you easily influenced by one piece of advice today and then by another one tomorrow?
It seems that perhaps the most intelligent thing for us to do is not to eat first but to read first.
5 本文建议用课本中的listening做warming-up, 完成A1前可以听一遍课文录音并填词,再通过阅读完成A2的练习。
(二)阅读目标(Reading Target)
知识   通过文章的阅读学会对观点的表达,并注意段落中的结构和层次,段落间的过渡等等。尤其对一些表达观点的词和句的正确表述。
能力   通过对文章的结构分析,培养学生对观点的简单陈述,注意开头段,主体段和结尾段的布局,以及主体段的分析角度。使学生能基本掌握议论文的写作方法。
情感  本文就饮食的均衡问题展开议论。在饮食问题的讨论中强调均衡的重要性,要求学生学习的同时要注意健康,学会珍惜生命。在观点的阐述中说明做事不能走极端,要学会掌握有关的科学信息来指导行为,从而学会尊重科学,尊重事实的正确的人生态度。
1 运用 believe, say, think, tell,say 等动词来阐述观点。
2 运用一些对比句和过渡次来表述文章的观点和层次。Many people believe, others say that…. We hear…在主体段中,用了Obviously… Scientists have again and again warned us that…/ Scientists have also told us that … They say…在结束段中,用了Therefore来做总结。
3 操练有关饮食的词汇。如sugar, vegetarians, a balanced diet, favorite food, cheeseburgers, proteins等等。让学生在日常生活对话中能熟练使用。
(三)阅读重点和难点(Important and Difficult Points)
1 关键词汇
1) 单词:source, energy, similar, conflicting, intelligent, misleading
2) 词组: be bad for, be influenced by, go to extremes, a variety, a lack of,  for example, not to do…but to do…, decide on, tell… from…bake, fry, steam, boil;baked, fried, steamed, boiled。
3) 有关饮食的词汇:sugar, vegetarians, met-eaters, a balanced diet, one’s favorite food, cheeseburgers, milk shakes, proteins, vitamins.
3) 其他:warn, properly, risk, heart attack.
2 重要句型
1)    We also hear similar conflicting arguments about meat between vegetarians and meat-eaters.
       我们依然会听到在素食者和食肉者之间类似的争论。
2)Obviously, you might think that going to extremes is not the right way, for the importance of having a variety of food in one’s diet is quite clear today.
很明显,由于一个人的饮食中须含有不同种食品的重要性如今已很明显了,你会认为走极端是不行的。
3)Therefore, it seems that perhaps the most intelligent thing for us to do is not to eat first but to read first.
= For that reason, it seems that it is most intelligent for us not to eat but to read first.
因此,对我们而言,最聪明的做法似乎是先读而不是先吃。
4)And it can also help us tell facts from misleading opinions.
这能帮助我们分辨出事实和错误的观点。
3 语法点:
本课出现了不少表达观点的宾语从句,尤其注意其动词的用法以及其它与表达观点有关的句式。
二、 教学设计(Teaching Designs)
教学内容 教学实施建议 教学资源参考
1 Pre-reading 建议教师以练习中的listening作为warming-up引入,使学生对食物中的卡路里有所了解,来引入适量的饮食对人体健康的重要性。
提出课题Neither too little, nor too much.
具体处理这部分内容的建议以及相关的背景见[链接1]。
 可以提供教师教参的相关页码;推荐参考名称(出版社);网站名称等
2 While-reading  这是一篇以讨论均衡饮食为背景的典型的议论文,分为开头段,主体段和结尾段。下面是如何处理阅读课


高一英语Food for thought教案3由www.170yx.com收集及整理,转载请说明出处www.170yx.com
www.170yx.com 包括 1.通过快速阅读法,即把握主题句的方法帮助学生初步理解课文内容,通常是每段的第一句。
2.对课文进一步阅读和讲解,主要是通过对文章结构的分析,帮助学生梳理文章内容及层次。关键是找出supporting ideas 和conjunctions.
3.生词的解释和例句中词的用法。句式的对比和转换。
4. 快速阅读后可以完成A1练习,进一步讲解后可以完成A2练习。
[链接2]可以给出具体的建议,如课件或教案 对话操练时应运用课本64页上的句式。
3 Post-reading  这是对有关均衡饮食的课文内容的拓展部分,教师可以设计多种教学活动来帮助学生整理知识点,并运用于生活中,使外语课程真正成为是集知识性、工具性、交际性和文化性于一体的基础课程,把外语作为交际的工具来教和学,提倡学用结合、学以致用。这部分的内容可以是课本后的C Further thinking. 也可以是让学生表演他的个人饮食习惯 (performance) 。可以通过对素食者的态度对“支持和反对素食者”的辨题进行辩论 (survey and debate) 。让同学可以上网查阅资料来介绍其它有益健康的食物 (surf)。也可让学生通过观察研究写一篇如何保持身体健康,关注生命,生活的作文(research work and composition)。
[链接3]中提供了一个处理该部分内容的教案或课件。 《活页资料》68页;教师设计超市和市场的价目表各一份,列出尽可能多的食物及其价格。

[链接1]
说明:
    引入是课堂的关键步骤,它的成败影响到整课的成败。它不仅起到引入课题的作用,而且可以开启学生思维的空间,更快地进入语言的情境中。在本课中教师可以通过练习中的listening作为warming-up引入,使学生对事物中的卡路里有所了解,来引入“适量的饮食对人体健康的重要性”提出课题Neither too little, nor too much. 这是教师充分运用课本内容的机会。如果将这部分教材作为练习,比较呆板,枯燥。
1 教师通过展示一些图片,或指定一些食物大类的名称(如vegetables、snacks、soft drinks、fruit、meat、fish等)要求学生根据有关知识说出卡路里的含量。使学生对此有点概念。
2 教师要求学生听录音。并填出有关事物中所含卡路里的量。
You are going to hear the nutritional values of some foods. Listen carefully and write down the corresponding numbers of calories in these foods.
Tape script (Oxford text book I  p. 107)
One cup or glass of whole milk has 165 calories.
One cup or glass of skimmed or powdered milk has 90 calories.
One large fried egg has 100 calories.
One fried chicken leg or thigh has 245 calories.
Four oz. or five fried fish fingers have 200 calories.
A three-inch diameter hamburger has 501 calories.
A half cup flower buds of cauliflower has 15 calories.
One six-inch long banana has 85 calories.
One medium-sized raw apple has 70 calories.
A three-quarter cup of cooked white rice has 150 calories.
A three-quarter cup of noodles has 150 calories.
Twenty roasted peanuts have 105 calories.
这是书本中的一项听力的专题训练,就数字填空,学生基本能填出所听的数据,并通过对句的理解,了解生活中食物和水果的卡路里的含量。不过学生对此概念不够深刻,教师可以举例给学生一个对照版。并提出食物的摄入应该要均衡。
3 Listen to the tape recording of the reading and ask the students what is a balance diet.
(especially the second paragraph)
4 Group discussion
How to keep a balanced diet?
(especially the last paragraph)


 [链接2]
说明:
   篇章教学中可以运用任务型教学法,泛读的教学中通过对文章结构的分析和内容的理解,迅速把握文章的主旨,了解以讨论均衡饮食为背景的典型的议论文的写作思路。在精读的教学过程中,通过生词的解释和例句中词的用法,句式的对比和转换,以多种练习方式,让学生在文中理解句,在句中认识词。使知识活用化。快速阅读后可以完成A1练习,进一步讲解后可以完成A2练习。下面是阅读课中的知识点。

Notes to the Test  课文注释
1. source  n.
① starting-point of a river 水源
e.g. the source of the Nile 尼罗河的发源地
② place from which something comes 来源,出处
e.g. The news comes from a reliable source. 
这项消息出自可靠来源.
2. similar conflicting arguments 相似的矛盾的争论
similar  adj.  like, of the same sort 类似的;同样的    常用be similar to ….. in…… 的词组
e.g. My wife and I have similar tastes in music. 
我的妻子和我在音乐方面有相似的爱好.
e.g. Is there any gold similar to brass in color ?
金子和黄铜的颜色相似吗?
similarly  adv. 相似地
similarity  n. 相似,相似的地方
e.g. Are there any similarities between China and Japan in culture?
中国和日本在文化方面有相似之处吗?
conflicting  adj.  being in the state of struggle and fight 矛盾的;冲突的
e.g. Your opinions are conflicting to each other.
你们的观点相互矛盾.
conflict  n.  fight, struggle, quarrel 战斗;冲突;争执;斗争


高一英语Food for thought教案3由www.170yx.com收集及整理,转载请说明出处www.170yx.com
www.170yx.com e.g. the conflict between duty and desire 责任与欲望的冲突
be in conflict with = not agree with 与...想冲突
This statement is in conflict with other evidence.
这个陈述与其他证据相冲突.
conflict  v.   to fight, struggle
 conflict with 与...相反;抵触;冲突
e.g. Their report on the war conflicts with ours.
他们对于战争起因的报道与我们相反.
going to extremes 走极端
extreme n.   either end of anything, the highest degree 末端;尽头;极端;极度
词组:go to extremes 走极端
be driven to extremes 被赶向极端
e.g. We shouldn’t go to extremes in our study.
在学习中我们不能走极端.
extreme adj. 极端的
e.g. in extreme pain 在极度的痛苦中
   the extreme left / right 极左/极右
extremely adv.  to a very high degree 极度地,极端地
4. in one’s diet 在食谱中
diet  n.  sort of food usually eaten (个人,社区等)通常所吃的食物
e.g. The Japanese have a diet of rice, vegetable, and fish.
太油腻的食物对你不好.
Doctor suggests I should put some vegetables in my diet.
医生建议在我的食谱中应加些蔬菜.
5. balanced  adj.    equal in all aspects 平衡的
e.g. We should try to keep up a balanced nature.
我们应当保持一个平衡的自然界.
Balance  n.    condition of being equal 平衡状态,均势状态
词组:keep one’s balance  保持平衡
throw somebody off his balance = upset him 使某人心情烦乱
e.g. A small child has to learn to keep its balance before it can walk far.
小孩在能走之前,必须学会保持平衡.
e.g. Don’t try to throw me off my balance with the difficult problem.
不要拿难题来烦我.
6.Including  prep. having as a part   包括
e.g. All of the people at school went to the Science and Technology Museum, including our teachers.
所有在校的人都到科技馆去了,包括老师在内。
7. favorite  adj.    best liked 最受喜爱的
e.g. What is your favorite color?
你最喜欢什么颜色.
favorable  adj.     giving or showing approval 赞成的;有帮助的
e.g. a favorable report on one’s work  赞许某人工作的报告
8. equally   ad.in an equal manner; in equal shares   同样地
e.g. These two matters are equally important.
    这两件事同样重要。
9. intelligent  n.    having, showing power of knowing 有智力的;有才智的
e.g. an intelligent child/ answers 一个聪明的孩子/回答
intelligence n. 智力,才智
e.g. IQ stands for intelligence quotient.  IQ代表智力商数.
10. misleading opinions 使人误解的观点
misleading  adj.  causing misunderstanding 使人误会的
mislead  v.   lead wrongly, cause to be or do wrong  错误引导
e.g. We were misled by the guide in the journey.
在旅行中我们被导游领错了路.


Expression
1. be bad for   对…有坏处
2. source of energy     能量来源
3. go to extremes    走极端
4. a variety of    多种多样的
5. a balanced diet     平衡的饮食
6. lack of certain kinds of food 缺乏某种事物
7. heart attack    心脏病突发
8. need for sth.    对…的需求
9. decide on   对…做出决定
10. tell sth. from sth.    分辨

Difficult sentences
1.We also hear similar conflicting arguments about meat between vegetarians and meat-eater.
 我们亦听到素食者和食肉者之间有关肉的类似的持不同观点的争论。
2.Are you easily influenced by one piece of advice today and then by another one tomorrow?  你是否容易今天被这条建议影响而明天又听信另一条?
3.Scientists have also told us that having too much of anything, including one’s favorite food, is equally dangerous.
科学家还告诉我们吃过量的东西,包括一个人最喜爱的食物,同样是危险的。
逗号内为插入语。

课件:chapter 6-4 ppt

[链接3]
说明:
这是有关均衡饮食的课文内容的拓展部分,教师可以设计多种教学活动来帮助学生整理知识点,这部分的内容可以是课本后的C Further thinking. 也可以是让学生表演他的个人饮食习惯 (performance) 。或通过对素食者的态度调查后,进行“支持和反对素食者”的辩论 (survey and debate) 。可以让同学上网查阅资料来介绍其它有益健康的食物 (surf)。也可让学生通过研究性学习写一篇如何保持身体健康,关注生命,热爱生活的作文(research work and composition)。本部分内容在处理的时候,要注意将教材为我所用,用活,用透。加以灵活改造,在课堂教学中强调在综合运用的基础上,提升学生综合运用语言功能的能力,并学会知识的迁移。


Task One
Further thinking (topic discussion)
Task Two
Presentation
Introduce one of your eating habits and illustrate its merits and demerits.

Task Three
Survey and debate
Debate


高一英语Food for thought教案3由www.170yx.com收集及整理,转载请说明出处www.170yx.com
www.170yx.com What do you think of vegetarianism ?
Divide the whole class into two different parts. One is in favor of vegetarianism, the other is against the point. The students should collect all the possible evidence in their own group, preparing for the debate. 


 In favor of against
Supporting ideas 1
2
3.  
Conclusion
  

Task Four
Surf on the Internet to find many more foods which do good to the people’s health.
e.g.
有益健康的食物

Eating chocolates promotes good health - doctors (2001/09/05)

Good news for chocoholics. The treat favored by millions not only tastes delicious but is healthy for you, American researchers said on Monday. Chocolate contains compounds called falconoid that can help maintain a healthy heart and good circulation and reduce blood clotting. The researchers found not only an increase in antioxidant capacity after chocolate consumption, but also modulation of certain compounds which affect blood vessels
The researchers measured the impact of chocolate on platelets in the blood. Platelet activation is thought to be an important risk factor in blood clotting.
Volunteers who consumed the chocolate had lower levels of platelet activity, while the scientists found no change in the group that ate the bread. The results of the study support earlier research which showed that cocoa acts like low-dose aspirin which helps to reduce blood clotting.
These results lead us to believe that chocolate may contribute to a healthy, well-balanced diet.

Task Five
Write an article on how to keep good health, or finish doing the cloze test

如何保持身体健康
Cloze test
How to Keep Good Health
Good health is most valuable thing a person can have, but one can’t take good health for granted. It is important to remember that the body needs proper  1  in order to be healthy. There are three things that a person can do to help  2  in good shape: one should eat right food, get  3  sleep and exercise regularly (定期地).
Proper nutrition (营养) is important for good health. Your body can’t work well unless it receives the proper kind of  “fuel (燃料)”, Don’t eat  3  food  with  lots of sugar and fat. Eat plenty of food high in protein (蛋白质),like meat, fish, eggs and nuts. Vegetables and fruits are fruits are very important because they don’t overeat. It is not helpful to be overweight.
Getting the proper amount of  4  is also important. If you don’t get enough sleep, you will feel 5  and easily get irritable .You have no energy .Over a long period of tine a little amount of sleep may even result in a  6  of personality (人的个性).  Be sure to allow yourself from seven to nine hours of sleep each night. If you do, your body will feel strong and re-fresh, and your mind will be sharp.
Finally, get plenty of exercise. Exercise firms the body, strengthens the muscles, and prevents you from gaining weight. If you  7   a regular exercise program, you will probably 8            your life-span (寿命). Any kind of exercise is good . Most sports are excellent for keeping the body  9  good shape: basketball, swimming, bicycling, running and so on are good examples . Sports are not only good for your 10  , but they are enjoyable and interesting, too.
 
1. A. care         B. food          C. sleep         D. sport
2. A. live         B. stay          C. lie            D. lay
3. A. too much   B. much too    C. too many     D. many too
4. A. sleep        B. protein       C. sugar          D. rest
5. A. happy        B. excited     C. frightened   D. tired
6.A. development   B. change      C. lack             D. demand
7. A. do         B. follow     C. see           D. keep
8. A. decrease   B. rise       C. increase      D. decline
9. A. at         B. for        C. in            D. on


高一英语Food for thought教案3由www.170yx.com收集及整理,转载请说明出处www.170yx.com
www.170yx.com 10. A. sleep     B. muscles    C. body          D. life-span

Key 
1---5  A B A A D    6—10 B  B  C  C  C

Task Six
Extensive Reading
A balanced diet

Do not eat meat more than once a day. Fish and poultry are recommended above red or processed meats because they are less fattening .Avoid frying food, your food absorbs the fast from the cooking oils, increasing your dietary fat intake .It is recommended that you bake or broil food. If you do fry, use polyunsaturated oils such as corn oil.

    Cut down on your salt intake, whether it be table salt, or flavors that contain salt such as monosodium glutamate(MSG).
   Including adequate fiber in your diet is very important .Fiber is found in green leafy vegetables, fruit ,beans, bran, flakes, nuts, root vegetables ,and whole grain foods.
   Do not eat more than 4eggs per week. Although they a re a good source of protein ,and low in saturated fat , eggs are very high in cholesterol, and should be avoided for that reason.
  Choose fresh fruit for deserts rather than cookies cake, or pudding.
  Too much of anything has its drawbacks ,whether it be calories, or a particular type of food .A well balanced diet with creativity and variety are best suited to y our needs.
  
   Notes:
  1. intake n. quantity. number, etc entering or taken in (during a given period )
  2. broil  v. cook(meat)on a fire
  3. polyunsaturated: adj 含有多重不饱和化合物的
  4. monosodium glutamate; 味精
 


高一英语Food for thought教案3由www.170yx.com收集及整理,转载请说明出处www.170yx.com
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