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高一英语第十四单元-教学教案

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科目 英语
年级 高一
章节 第十四单元
关键词 高一英语第十四单元
文件 high1 unit14.doc
标题
内容
基础知识导引
1Have you considered using the lab in your free class?
你有没有考虑过在自由活动的课上利用这个实验室呢?
consider νi.&νt.“考虑”,“认为”,“体谅”
句型:νt.a.~(单独使用)b.~+prep.phrase(接介词短语)νt.a.~+n./pron./ν.\\|ing/ωh\\|ωord+to\\|inf./clause(可以接“名词”、“代词”、“动名词”、“疑问词+不定式”、“从句”作宾语,不接“不定式”作宾语)
b~+复合宾语(接宾语+宾语补足语)
e.g.He always considered carefully before he acted.他总是三思而后行。
We must consider well over the matter.我们必须好好考虑这个问题。
Mary never coniders others.玛丽从不为别人着想/从不体谅别人。
Jane considered marrying peter.简考虑过和彼得结婚。
Jane you considered where to spend your holiday?你已经考虑过去什么地方度假了吗?I consider him(to be)honest./I consider nim(to be)an honest man./I consider that he is an honest man.我认为他是老实人。
We are eonsidering whether to do the tomato experiment(=whether we should do the tomato experiment).我们正在考虑是否应该做这项西红柿实验。
The manager considered how to impove his business(=how he should improve his business).经理考虑过应该如何改进业务。
We always consider these people as our true comrades.
我们一向把这些人引以为真正的同志。
also:常见的接ν.\\|ing(动名词)作宾语的动词或短语:enjoy,finish,mind,practise,suggest,understand,feel like,give up,can\t help,put off,etc.
e.g.I\ve enjoyed talking to you about old times.我很高兴和你叙旧。
Do you mind my smoking here?我在这里抽烟你介意吗?
He doesm\t feel like taking a walk.他不想散步。
2What can you suggest?你有何建议?
I suggest you ask Mr.Wu.我建议你问问吴先生。
suggest νt.作“建议”解时,可接n./ν.\\|ing/clause(名词、动名词或从句)作宾语;宾语从句中谓语动词用虚拟语气,即should+动词原形或只用动词原形。
~作“提出(某看法)”,“暗示”,“表明”解时,其后宾语从句中的谓语动词可用陈述语气的任何时态。
e.g.John suggested a swin,and we all agreed.约翰提议游泳,我们都同意了。
Peter suggested a plan to the boss.彼得向老板提出一项计划。
Mary suggested the coming weekend for the date of her meeting with Tom.
玛丽建议本周末和汤姆约会。
I suggest a visit to the theatre./I suggest going to the theatre./I suggest that we (should) go to the theatre.我建议去看戏。
I suggest that you(should)not refuse her invitation.
我建议你不要拒绝她的邀请。
Mr uncle suggested my getting a job in a bank./my uncle suggested that I(should)get a job in the bank.我叔叔建议我在银行找个工作。
Her expression suggested(that)sht was angry.
她的表情暗示(表明)她在生气。
3You must weigh it carefully.你必须仔细称称它的重量。
weigh νt.“称……重量”,“估量,权衡”,“重压”
νI,“重量是”,“有分量/影响”~in“检查……体重/重量”
weight n.“重量,体重,分量”,“重要性(不可数)”,“砝码(可数)”
νt.“加重量于(使平稳)”,“使承受压力”
weighty adj.“沉重的”,“繁重的”,“重要的”
e.g.He weighed the stone in his hands他用手掂量一下这块石头的重量。
The fruit was so heavy that it weighed the branches down.
果实重得把树枝都压弯(垂下)了。
The problem weighed heavily on his mind.那个问题沉重地压在他心上。
Have all the suitcases been weighed in?这些衣箱都称过了吗?
That man is twice my weight.那个人的体重是我的体重的两倍。
Mr.White is a weighty merchant of Boston.
怀特先生是一个有影响力的波士顿商人。
4Then grow some tomatoes in one box……然后在盒子里种上一些西红柿……
Then see which plants grow higher,…然后看看那些秧苗长得高些……grow νt.“种植,栽培,使生长”νi.“生长,发育,增长”link.ν.“(逐渐)变得”
e.g.We have grown a lot of flowers this summer.
今天夏天我们栽培了很多花卉。
Does this plant grow in cold countries or in hot countries?
这种植物生长在寒带还是热带?
How quickly she is growing!她长得多么快啊!
The city of Hefei is growing more and more beautiful.
合肥市变得越来越美丽了。
5I used to get along very well with my cousin and we used to be very good friends.我过去和表弟相处得很好,我们曾经是好朋友。
1)“used+to\\|inf.(+动词不定式)”表示过去的习惯和状态,因此只用过去时态,有“过去习惯于/经常做(而现在不再做)”的意思。
e.g.There used to be a bus stop on the corner,usedn\there/didn\t there?
那个拐角上过去有一个公共汽车站,对吗?
I didn\t use(used not)to like music,but now l\m getting interested.
我过去不喜欢音乐,但是现在慢慢感兴趣了。
Did you use (Used you)to play footall at school?
你过去在学校里常踢足球呈?
2)get along(With sb./sth.)“过活,生活”,“进行,进展”,“相处”,“走(掉)”
e.g.Fish can\t get along without water.鱼没有水不能活。
How are you getting along with your English studies?
你的英语学习情况如何?
We will get along beautifully together.我们会在一起相处得非常好。
Get along with you!(=Go away!)走开!去你的!
发散思维导练
1忠告的表达方式
1)用advise和advice表示;
2)用情态动词must,ought to, should表示;
3)表示忠告的常用句型:
You\d better……
If I were you,I\d…
Why don\t you…?
It is time…
It would be+形容词比较级+if从句/带to的不定式I\d rather…
e.g.I\d advise you to see a doctor.我劝你去看医生。
Let me give you a bit of advice if you don\t mind.
你要是不介意的话,我来告诉你怎么办。
You must read this book.It is very educational.
你得读读这本书。它很有教育意义。
I think you\d better shut your books.我想你们最好把书合上。
If I were you,I\d help Xiao Wu with that problem.
我要是你的话,我就帮小吴解决一下那个问题。
Why don\t you join the English Cormer?
你们为什么不参加英语角呢?
It is time you went to bed.该是你们上床睡觉的时候了。
It would be better if you explained it in English(or:to explain it in English).假如用英语来解释它,那就更好了。
I\d rather yuo didn\t write it in pencil.
我希望你不要用铅笔写。
2建议的表达方式
1)用let引导的句子表示;
2)用suggest,suggestion,suppose,idea等词表示;
3)表示建议的常用句型:
How about…?
What about…?
Why not do sth…?
Why don\t we…?
Shall I/we…?(用升调)
e.g.Let\s clean the slassroom.让我们打扫教室。
Let\s do it by ourselves,shall we?我们自己来做,好吗?
Let me help you,may I?让我帮助你,好吗?
May I suggest that you finish it before class is over?
我建议你们在下课前完成这个练习,行吗?
My suggestion is for you to prepare the last paragraph.
我建议你们准备最后一段。
Suppose we set out at seven.What do you say?
咱们七点动身,你看怎么样?
It might be a good idea to read one sentence each.
每人读一句可能是个好主意。
What about you two practising the dialogue?
你们俩来练习一下这个对话,好吗?
Why not have another try?干吗不再试一次呢?
Why don\t we buy a computer?我们为什么不买一台计算机呢?
Shall I help you with your lessons?我来帮你学功课好吗?

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