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高一英语第十五单元Healthy Eating (健康饮食)-教学教案

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科目 英语
年级 高一
文件 high1 unit15.1.doc
标题 Healthy Eating (健康饮食)
章节 第十五单元
关键词
内容
Healthy Eating (健康饮食)
一、教法建议
【抛砖引玉】
单元双基学习目标
Ⅰ. 四会单词和词组:
pain , in (the) future , be rich in , contain , fat ( n . ) , soft drink , score , scores of , discuss , discussion , at the end ( of )
三会单词和词组: examine , ripe , advise , patient , energy , weight , put on weight , westerner , cause , unhealthy , lose weight , suggestion
Ⅱ. 交际英语:
人人都希望自己身体健康,工作顺利,生活愉快。人体就像一部机器,机器需要经常保养才能不停地正常运转,不出故障;人也需要营养合理的饮食、充足的睡眠、必不可少的休息与娱乐。倘若你为了省钱省时间而终日凑合着吃东西;倘若你为了挤出更多的时间对付艰苦的学习而挤掉了睡眠时间;倘若你为了多打工赚钱,几乎舍弃了所有的休息与娱乐。那么,生病就在所难免。万一人生了病就需要去医院诊断出出故障的原因,这时就需要和医生打交道,下面是常用到的语句。
医生用语:
1. What can I do for you ? / What was the matter ? / What\s the trouble ?
2. Does it hurt here ? / It\s nothing serious . / Let me examine you . / Take this medicine three times a day . / And I advise you not to do …
3. Drink plenty of water and have a good rest . / You\d better have a good rest . / You\ll be well soon .
4. Show me your tongue . / Stick out your tongue . / Did you cough much ? / Fortunately , you only have the flu (流感) . / You\ll have to be hospitalized (住院) .
5. How long have you been like this ? / Well , let\s see . Open your mouth and say “ah ”. / Keep warm and don\t catch cold .
病人用语:
1. I\ve got a pain ( cough , headache , toothache ) . / I don\t feel well . / There\s something wrong with … . / This place hurts . / I feel a great pain here . / I feel dizzy (头晕) . / I took some medicine last night , but they didn\t help . / Doctor , please give me an examination .
2. I\ve had my temperature taken . I indeed have a fever . / I was hot and cold by turns .
3. I don\t feel well , doctor . / I hope it won\t last long . / I don\t feel like eating anything .
4. I have a sore throat ( 喉咙痛) and my chest hurts . / It started bothering me yesterday afternoon . / I feel hot and feverish . / I\m aching all over .
5. I\ve been losing sleep . / My whole body feels weak . / I\ve lost my voice . / My ears are ringing , and my cheeks burning . / I feel a pain in my left leg .
Ⅲ. 语法重点:进一步学习提出建议和忠告的句型。
1. I advise you (not) to do … / you\d better (not) do … / I suggest that you (should) do … / Why not do … / Why don\t you do …
2. It\s better to be absolutely sure , even if it does take a bit more time and trouble .
3. Well , if I were you , I would spend about four days sightseeing in Beijing and two or three days in Shanghai for shopping .
4. Let me give you a bit of advice , if you don\t mind . Stop smoking or at least cut down on it . Watch your diet and …
5. How / What about doing some shopping here ?
6. I think we\d better send for a doctor .
7. Well , if you go on the way you have , you\re only going to make things harder for yourself .
8. Yes , I suppose so . / Yes , I certainly will . / That\s a good idea . / Yes , but don\t you think … ?
【指点迷津】
单元重点词汇点拨
1. contain 作及物动词是“包含;包括;能容纳,能装入”
Sea water contains salt .
This auditorium will contain 3,000 people .
〖点拨〗(1) contain 和 include 虽然都有“包含”的意思,但 contain 可用于表示包含所含之物的全部或部分,而 include 则只是包含一部分。试对比:
The parcel contained a dictionary . 那包裹里装的是一本字典。
The parcel included a dictionary . 那包裹里也包括了一本字典。
The tour includes a visit to Paris . 这次旅行包括游览巴黎。
The basket contains a variety of fruits . 这篮子装有各种水果。
(2) including 可以作介词连接介词短语。试比较:
Many women were waiting to buy that kind of cloth , including my mother .
Many women were waiting to buy that kind of cloth , my mother included .
可以这样说,include 着重“被包含者只是整体中的一部分”。contain 着重“内有”。
2. advise 作及物动词是“忠告、劝告、建议”
The doctor advised a soft diet . 医生建议进软食。
〖点拨〗(1) advise + doing
He advised getting plenty of sleep and eating good meals .
(2) advise sb to do 建议某人干……。advise sb not to do sth = advise sb against doing 建议某人不要干
The teacher advised us not to read carelessly . = The teacher advised us against careless reading .
对比:The teacher advised our reading carefully . (动名词复合结构)
(3) advise that + 主语 + (should) do中 国教―育资源 网www.cHiNESEJY.com
She advised that he spend his holidays in Heinan .
对比:(误)Sharon suggested me to ask Dr Yang for help .
(对)Sharon advised me to ask Dr Yang for help .
(对)Sharon suggested / advised that I should ask Dr Yang for help .
(对)Sharon suggested / advised my asking Dr Yang for help .
(对)I was advised to ask Dr Yang for help by Sharon .
(4) advice 是不可数名词,表达“一条建议”用:a piece / bit / word of advice 。
3. score (比赛的) 得分;(单复数相同)二十
The score at the end of the game was 5 to 4 against the visiting team . 比赛结果为 5 比 4 , 客队败北。
What\s the score now ? 现在比分是多少 ?
〖点拨〗(1) scores of 许多,大批
The exhibition has scores of visitors every day .
(2) score 前有数词时,score 用单数,其后的 of 常省略。但在代词或者起定语作用的指示代词及物主掉次前的 of 不能省略。
Three score of them are League members .
Three score of those eggs are his .
She has two score (of) eggs . (这种情况下最好不用 of )
4. discuss 作及物动词是“讨论,议论”。名词形式是 discussion 。
I\ve something of great importance to discuss with you .
After careful discussion the two parties reached an agreement on this matter .
〖点拨〗(1) discuss 后直接接名词、疑问词 + to do ,不接 about / on 。但discussion 后可以接about 。
(错)We have discussed about the problem .
(对)We have discussed the problem .
(对)We have had a discussion about the problem .
(2) discuss sth with sb 和某人讨论……
We will discuss the changes of our school with them later .
(3) discuss freely 自由讨论,discuss fully / thoroughly 充分讨论,discuss keenly 激烈讨论,under discussion 在讨论中,have a long discussion about / on sth 对……进行长时间的讨论, a heated / hot discussion 热烈的讨论。
5. suggestion 建议
Your suggestion is very helpful .
〖点拨〗(1) 含有suggestion 的主语从句、表语从句、同位语从句、定语从句中主句谓语用 should 型虚拟式。
We agree to his suggestion that the book (should) be published once more .
(2) suggestion 的搭配有:make a helpful / timely suggestion 作出有益(适时)的建议。act on / at one\s suggestion = act on / at the suggestion of sb 按照某人的建议做。
(3) suggestion , advice 和 opinion
advice 多指根据自己的学识和经验提出来的供人参考的意见。suggestion 指为改进工作、解决问题而提出的建议,比 advice 委婉。opinion 是日常用语,指对某事的观点、想法。另外,advice 是不可数名词。
Advice is seldom welcome . (谚语) 忠言逆耳。
In our opinion , these trees must be cut down at once .
We have decided to pay more attention to their suggestions .
单元词组思维运用
1. at the doctor\s 在诊所
At the doctor\s you can have your eyesight tested .
2. visit a doctor = see a doctor 看医生,看病,就诊
He had to visit a doctor because of his heart trouble .
3. a piece of bread 一块面包
4. a bit 有点儿(修饰形容词)
These apples are a bit green . 这些苹果有些生。
5. have a good rest 好好休息一下
6. in four hours\ time 四小时后,四小时内
Take two pills now and two more in fours\ time .
They will arrive in two hours\ time .
7. a diet of 一种……的食物
Every person needs water and a diet of healthy foods .
8 . different kinds of 不同种类的
There are different kinds of moon cakes on Mid-Autumn Day .
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