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Unit 24 The science of farmingle-教学教案

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教学目标

知识目标

一、教学目标与要求

  通过本单元教学,继续学习、巩固有关直接引语和间接引语的内容。学生应能够熟练地把直接引语转换为间接引语。复习有关谈论天气的话题,能熟练的描述各种天气。通过对课文的学习,让学生了解我国历史上农业发展的情况,并能用英语进行简单描述。

二、教学重点与难点

1. 重点词汇

develop; experience; knock out of; point out; turn over; go against; agree to do; now and then

2. 重要句型

1) The soil should also be turned over with a fork so that the weeds would be destroyed. 2) The book, which has 110 000 characters, is about both farming and gardening.

3. 语法:(间接引语)

1) He said that the best seed-heads should be hung up to dry. 2)They asked him if it was a good idea to sow wheat close together. 3) They asked him when he harvested the wheat. 4) He advised/told farmers to do things at the right time of year.

4. 日常交际用语 谈论天气 (Talking about the weather) :

1) Its a beautiful day today. 2) Its going to be dry and sunny for the next two days. 3) Whats the weather going to be like at the weekend? 4) They say its going to be wet and windy.

能力知识

  1.掌握本课的重点词汇、词组和句型以及语法。

  2.运用所学语言,围绕农业这一题材,完成听、说、读、写四方面的训练。

德育、美育知识

  让学生通过本单元的学习,了解有关农业的一般知识,知道中国是最早研究农业科学的国家,对中国的农业有着巨大贡献,不愧是我国的农业先驱。同时,我们每一位公民都要养成热爱劳动、珍惜粮食的优秀品质。


教学建议

教学分析与建议

分析课文L94-95

  本单元话题主要是介绍我国农学先驱贾思勰和他的著作《齐民要术》,让学生了解我国农业发展的悠久历史,提高对农业在国民经济中重要地位的认识。分为三段:

Part 1 (Paragraphs 1-2) China was the earliest research center for agriculture.

    ( Paragraph 1 ) China was one of the first countries in the world to study the science of farming.

    (Paragraph 2) One of the pioneers of farming was Jia Sixie.

Part 2 (Paragraphs 3—4) Jia Sixie’s research on farming

    (Paragraph 3) Jia Sixie studied ways of keeping seeds.

    (Paragraph 4) Jia Sixie studied how to improve soil conditions.

Part 3 (Paragraphs 5-7) Something about the book QI Min Yao Shu.

    (Paragraph 5) Qi Min Yao Shu is about both farming and gardening.

    (Paragraph 6) The book was considered to be an important summary of the knowledge of farming.

    (Paragraph 7) Five pieces of advice from Qi Min Yao Shu.

2.Lesson 94 Reading的课堂结构及教法:

Step l:高中英语教学大纲指出"高一年级的学生能以每分绅40 - 50个词的速度阅读,并能基本把握中心思想和主要事实o"本课共300多个词,限学生在六分钟内读完。然后指导、培养学生善于发现文章或段落主题句和概括大意的技能。

  Part 1(1-2)Jia Sixie was one of the pioneers of farming in China,

  Part 1(2-3)Jia Sixie,s studies in farming

  Part 1(5-6)Jia Sixie,s famous book Qi MinYao Shu

Step 2 指导学生通读全文,细读。

  (1)就课文内容回答Yes--No Questions

  (2)利用课文,培养学生根据语境或构词知识推测词义和理解句意的能力

  ①Word study    farming-farm+ing

  government-govern+ment information-inform+tion

  ②explain the following sentences

[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] 下一页  

  a. He pointed out that it was important to remove seeds,-He said it was important to get

  b. The seeds should be knocked out Of the seed-heads-The seeds should be separated from

Step 3根据课文内容,精心设计综合题,培养学生综合应用知识的能力(略)

Step 4布置练习:Summarize the text

知识点讲解

  语法----直接引语变成间接引语

  总结直接引语变成间接引语有四种情况:

  l.直接引语是陈述句,变成间接引语时,要把陈述句变成由that引导的宾语从句。例如:

  He said: “Die best seed-heads should be hung up to dry.”

  →He said that the best seed-heads should be hung up to dry.

  直接引语是陈述句,变成间接引语时要注意三点:

  l)时态的一致;

  2)对人称代词和物主代词的相应调整;

  3)某些时间和地点状语的相应调整。

  例如:

  Alice said, “I’ve just got a letter from my father.”

  →Alice said that she had just got a letter from her father.

  Mr Black said, “I arrived yesterday.”

  →Mr Black said that he had arrived the day before.

  2.直接引语是一般疑问句,变成间接引语时要把一般疑问句变成由if/ whether(是否)引导的宾语从句,同时将语序改成陈述句语序。例如:

  He asked her, “Do they agree to sow wheat close together?”

  →He asked her if they agreed to sow wheat close together.

  直接引语是一般疑问句,变成间接引语时,除了要用if/whether来引导宾语从句外,前述的三点注意事项同样适用于这种情况。例如:

  Alice asked Mike, “Have you finished doing your homework?”

  →Alice asked Mike if/whether he had finished doing his homework.

  Mrs Turner asked me, “Do you know where Tom works?”

  →Mrs Turner asked me if/whether I knew where Tom worked.

  3.直接引语是特殊疑问句,变成间接引语时要把特殊疑问句变成由疑问词(when,where,how等)引导的宾语从句,还要把疑问句的语序改成陈述句的语序。此外,前述的三点注意事项同样适用于这种情况。例如:

  Tire students asked the farmer, “When do you harvest the wheat?”

  →The students asked the farmer when he harvested the wheat.

  →“What are you doing here, Mary?” John asked.

  →John asked Mary what she was doing there.

  →“When will she leave for Beijing?” Mr Smith asked me.

  →Mr Smith asked me when she would leave for Beijing.

  4.直接引语是祈使句,变成间接引语时,要把祈使句变成一个不定式短语,同时根据口气选用适当的谓语动词,如ask(请),tell(让),order(命令)等。例如:

  He said to the farmers, “Do things at the right fame of year.”

  →He told the farmers to do things at the right time of the year.

  “Open your books. Please,” he said.

  →He asked us to open our books,

  “Dont turn off the light,” the teacher said.

  →The teacher told me not to turn off the light.

辨析condition, situation

  两个词都有“情况,形势”的意思。

  condition表示“情况,环境”时多用复数。当我们表示具体的工作、生活、居住“环境”“条件”时,用condition。

  situation表“形势”时为正式用语。

  Their wages and working conditions must be improved. 他们的工资、工作条件必须改进。

  What are conditions like in your country? 你们国家的情形如何?

  How do you analyze the present economic situation? 你怎样分析当前的经济形势?

辨析advise, suggest

  相同点:两个动词都有“建议”之意,并且二者都可接+that –clause

  We wish to advise you that you now owe the bank $500.你现欠银行五百美元,特此通知。

  I suggested that it would be quicker to travel by train. 我建议说坐火车旅行要快一些。

  不同点:

  1)  advise sb. to do sth.

  2)  suggest doing sth.

  He advised farmers to choose the best-heads. 他劝告农民要挑选最好的谷穗。

  He suggested changing the plan.他建议改变这个计划。

辨析point out, point in, point to

  point out指出,常用于借喻中,后接名词和that从句。

  point in表示具体的“指”。英语可以说point a finger (gun) at ab. (用手指(枪)指某人)。但更常见的是其不及物动词的用法。例如:

  point to指着;指向,有时与point at同义,但一般用于较远的事物。此外,point to还有“指向”,“ 如果觉得Unit 24 The science of farmingle-教学教案不错,可以推荐给好友哦。

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