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九年级英语第六单元-教学教案

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科目 英语
年级 初三
文件 middle3 unit6.doc
标题 In the library
章节 第六单元
关键词
内容
教学目标
1. 词汇
A. 单词
  四会: several, yet, on, reading room, return, polite, politely, star,
everywhere, pay (paid, paid), before, ever,
  三会: dictionary, shelf (shelves), anywhere, helpful, pity, history
B. 词组/句型
have got = have in the school library
on the shelf find + n./pron. + prep.短语
five minutes ago in the reading room
on time work at one\s desk
borrow sth. from sb pay for sth
at that moment Please be more careful.
from now on never …before
Not at all. speak to sb
foreign music travel on a train
hours ago  
2. 日常用语
 * Excuse me. Have you got … ?
 * Sorry. I haven\t got one.
 * Sorry. We haven\t got any at the moment.
 * Have you seen it anywhere?
 * I\m so glad.
 * Excuse me, have you got any … ?
 * I\ve looked for it everywhere.
 * I can\t find it anywhere.
 * What a pity!
 * Please be more careful from now on!
 * I\ve never lost a book before.
 * It won\t happen again.
 * Have you ever made dumplings?
 * I\ve just done my homework.
 * Has he returned his library book yet?
 
3. 语法: The Present Perfect Tense (1) 现在完成时(一)
1) 构成: have/has + done
2) 过去分词的构成:
规则形式: ask asked asked
travel travelled travelled
不规则形式: lose lost lost
eat ate eaten
find found found
3) Statement forms陈述句形式
I/You/We/They have just seen …
He/She/It has just seen …
4) Question forms疑问句形式
Have you/we/they seen … yet?
Has he/she/it seen … yet?
Short answers简略答语
Yes, I/you/we/they have.
Yes, he/she/it has.
No, I/you/we/they haven\t.
No, he/she/it hasn\t.
 
教学重点与难点:
1. have got = have
★have got形式上是现在完成时,但实际上却和have同一个意思。本 文{摘自教 育资源 网 WwW.chiNeSeJY.coM
 She has got a new watch.= She has a new watch.
 她有一块新手表。
 Has she got a new watch?= Does she have a new watch?
 她有新手表吗?
 She hasn\t got a new watch. = She doesn\t have a new watch.
 她没有新手表。
★have to有时也可用have got to代替
 Have you got to go there by bus? = Do you have to go there by bus?
 你必须坐公共汽车去吗?
2. 现在完成时的用法(一)
★ 对现状有影响的某个已发生的动作,或者说动作虽发生在过去,
 但对现在有很大影响.
 I have lost my bike.
 我将自行车丢了。
 Thank you. I\ve had my supper.
 谢谢,我吃过晚饭了。
 I have seen the film.
 我看过这部电影。
★句中如有一个表示过去时间的状语,则强调过去某一时刻所发生的动作,谓语动词应用一般过去时,而不用现在完成时。
 I have found my bike.
 我找到自行车了。
 I found it this morning/yesterday/last week/three days ago.
 我是今天早上/昨天/上周/三天前找到它的。
 The visitors have left.
 参观者已经离开了。
 They left just now/a moment ago/before I came.
 他们刚刚/片刻之前/在我来之前离开的。
★句中如有already, just, yet, every, never, before这类副词作状语,谓语动词常用现在完成时。
 yet一般用于疑问句或否定句中,位于句尾或助动词后。
 already, just, ever, never常位于助动词后,before常位于句尾。
 never, ever和before有时也可以与一般过去时连用。
 She has already finished her work.
 她已经完成她的工作了。
 They have just won a relay race.
 他们才赢得了接力赛的胜利。
 Have you got ready yet? Not yet.
 你准备好了吗?还没有。
 Have you ever spoken to a foreigner?
 你曾经和外国人讲过话吗?
 I have never read this book.
 我从来没读过这本书。
 Have you listened to this song before?
 你以前听过这首歌吗?
★ago不能单独使用,应说three days ago, hours ago, a minute ago, a long time ago等,与过去时连用。before可单独使用,一般与完成时连用。
 
3. several的用法
 adj. 几个的,数个的,数人的(至少3人)
 There are several students in the classroom.
 教室里有几个学生。
 I met him several days ago.
 我几天前遇见过他。
pron. (视为复数) 几个,数个,数人
 Several of the students put up their hands.
 几个学生举起了手。
 
4. on prep. 有关,关于…方面(比about表示更专门的内容, 即on 多暗示内容属于专门性,而about则多用在内容或观点 比较一般性的情形)
 a book on Shakespeare
 一本有关莎士比亚的书
 a talk about money
 一个有关钱的讲演
 Do you have any idea on this subject?
 你对这个话题了解吗?
 
5. be strict in sth.
 对某事严格要求
 be strict with sb.
 对某人严格要求
 He is strict with himself in everything.
 他在每件事情上都对自己很严格。
 She is very strict with everybody.
 她对每个人都很严格。
 
6. return的用法
 1) vi. 回到 (= go back)
    My father will return to this factory this morning.
    我的父亲会在今天早上回到工厂。
    Many fish have returned to the river.
    已经有很多鱼回到了那条河里。
 2) vt. 归还 (= give back) You must return the book to the library on time.
    你必须按时将书还给图书馆。
    He hasn\t returned me my bike yet.
    他还没还给我自行车呢。
 
7. on time准时 / in time及时
 The train starts on time. 火车准时出发。
 She will be back in time to get ready for the dinner.
 她会及时赶回来为晚饭做好准备的。

8. look round/around/about … 环顾,四下寻找
 I\ve looked round the whole school.
 我已经找遍了整所学校。
 
9. whole和all的用法
★whole一般位于冠词、物主代词或别的限定词之后,而all须位于 这些词之前。
 all the time = the whole time
 all my life = my whole time
 al the class = the whole class
 
【注】如名词前没有限定词,不能用whole, 如可以说all day,而不能说whole day
★all和whole都可指“未经分割的整体”,all还可用来指“已经分 割或分散的”人和物,而whole不能这样用。
 the whole school = all the school
 all the classes (不能说the whole classes)
★whole一般不能修饰不可数名词或物质名词,修饰复数名词时一般 前面有数量词,而all能用于各种情况。
 all the money ( 不能说the whole money)
 three whole days
 
10. pay + sb + money + for sth. 为了(某事物)付款给(某人)
 = pay + money + to sb + for sth
 Did you pay him 100 dollars for the old bike?
 = Did you pay 100 dollars to him for the old bike?
 你是付给他100块来买那辆旧自行车吗?
 
11. from now on(副)从今以后
 I will be more careful from now on.
 从今以后我会更小心仔细的。
 I will work hard from now on.
 从今以后我会努力工作的。
 
同步练习
I. 单词辨音。
1. A. politeB. pityC. giveD. strict
2. A. severalB. shelfC. reportD. helpful
3. A. whiteB. whatC. whereD. whose
4. A. paysB. awayC. saysD. plays
5. A. scienceB. dictionaryC. excuseD. music
6. A. starB. parkC. quarterD. hard
7. A. houseB. countC. aboutD. country
8. A. learnB. earlyC. heartD. earth
 
II. 找出与划线部分意思相同或相近的词语。
( ) 1. Miss Yang is very helpful.
  A. reads many books
  B. is a very kind teacher
  C. is always ready to help others
( ) 2. There are several books on the shelf.
  A. some
  B. few
  C. many
( ) 3. She always comes on time.
  A. late
  B. early
  C. not late or early
( ) 4. At that moment, Lucy came into the library.
  A. Now
  B. At that time
  C. Just now
( ) 5. He returned the book to the library.
  A. bought
  B. gave back
  C. borrowed
III. 用所给动词的适当形式填空。
 1. ________ you ________ (write) a letter in English before.
 2. I ___________________ (just read) an interesting story.
 3. Such a thing ____________ (never happen) before.
 4. My brother ____________ (not do) well in the English exam (考试).
   He ________ (fall) be 如果觉得九年级英语第六单元-教学教案不错,可以推荐给好友哦。

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