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八年级英语第四单元We’re going to work on a farm !八年级英语教案-英语教案,试题,论文,听力

八年级英语第四单元We’re going to work on a farm !八年级英语教案-英语教案,试题,论文,听力为http://www.170yx.com整理发布,类型为八年级英语教案,本站还有更多关于初二英语教案,八年级上册英语教案,新目标八年级英语教案,免费教案 - 英语教案 - 八年级英语教案的文章。




章节 第四单元

关键词

内容

教学目标

1.词汇

A.单词

四会:hair, outside, nothing, idea, goodbye, bell, sure

三会:gate, pick

B.词组

next week/month, on Sunday evening, quite early, on the road, put on, help…with…, a few,

have a swim, this evening

 

2.句型

What about…? Get a few bananas for me. The second one is better than the first one. The third one is the best of all. When are you going to leave? We are not going to have any classes. Don’t be late. It’s time for….

 

3.日常用语

What are you going to do this evening ? I’m going to have a swim. Where are you going to meet? We are going to meet here. See you here at two. Good idea ! Why don’t you come with me? Why not? Nothing much.

 

4.语法

be going to 打算…,将要…

1)用法:表示将要发生的动作。

2)标志词(信号词):tomorrow, next…, this afternoon.

3)谓语动词的构成形式:be (am, is, are) going to +动词原形

4)各种句式:

陈述句:

肯定句:I am going to leave here next week.

我打算下周离开这儿。

否定句:He is not going to play games this afternoon.

他今天下午不打算做游戏。

疑问句:

特殊疑问句:What are they going to do tomorrow ?

他们明天要干什么?

一般疑问句:Are you going to sing a song ?

你要唱歌吗?

☆注:be going to中的“be”不是系动词,而是助动词,本身没有实际意义,即不能译成“是”,但其用法与系动词“be”是一样的。即:I am…,You are…, He is….

 

教学重点与难点

1. How are you?

  这是一句问候语,即:“你身体好吗?”询问的是对方的健康状况。其回答可以有下列几种:

  1)Fine, thank you. 2)I am very well, thank you. 3)I’m all right, thank you. 4)I’m OK, thanks.

  ☆注:I’m very well中的“well”是形容词,指身体。这里不能用“good”代替“well”。

 

2.Sure!

  当同意对方所提的请求或建议时,你可以说“Sure!”意思是“当然可以!”除此以外,还有其它一些说法。如:

1)—Can you help me?

—Certainly.

—你能帮助我吗?

—当然可以。

2)—May I ask you a question?

—Of course.

—我可以问你个问题吗?

—当然可以。

3)—Are you going to play with us?

—All right/OK.

—你能和我们一起玩吗?

—行。

4)—Would you like something to drink?

—Yes, thank you.

—你想要点儿喝的吗?/来点儿饮料怎么样?

—好吧,谢谢。

5)—Do you want a go?

—Sure!

—你想试一试吗?

—当然!

  ☆注:类似这种用一个词或几个词作为简略回答的还有其它一些用语。如:

  6)—Let’s go and play basketball, Jack.

   —Good idea! (=That’s a good idea!)

  “ 咱们去打篮球吧。”“好主意!”

  7)—What are you going to do this evening?

  —Nothing much. (=I have nothing much to do.)

  “今天晚上你打算做什么?”“没什么事。”

  8)—Look! There is some milk in the coffee.

  —Great! (=That’s great!)

  “看,咖啡里加了牛奶。”“太好了。”

 

3.和have构成的词组

  1)have a lesson/class 上课, have a meeting 开会, have a game 举行一次比赛,

have a good/nice/happy time 玩得愉快, have a hard time 过得艰难, have a good

idea 有一个好主意

  2)have break fast/lunch/supper 吃早饭/中饭/晚饭, have meals 吃饭

  ☆注:表示一日三餐的名词前一般不带冠词。

  3)have a look 看一看, have a tallk 交谈, have a walk 散步, have a swim 游泳,

have a rest 休息一下

  ☆注:例3)中的名词往往具有动词的性质,这种短语在意义上相当于这个动词。


八年级英语第四单元We’re going to work on a farm !八年级英语教案-英语教案,试题,论文,听力由www.170yx.com收集及整理,转载请说明出处www.170yx.com

 

4.a few和a little几个,一点儿都表示“很少”。但a few用来修饰可数名词。a little用来修饰不可数名词。如:

  1)a few days 几天, a few boys 几个男孩, a few books 几本书

  2)a little water 一点水, a little milk 一点牛奶, a little meat 一点肉

 

5.clean的用法

  1)它可做动词,译为“把…弄干净”,“打扫”。如:

  We clean our classroom every day.

  我们每天打扫教室。

  2)还可做形容词,译为“清新的”,“干净的”。如:

  ①The air today is nice and clean.

  今天的空气清新宜人。

  ②Your hands are not clean. Go and wash them.

  你的手不干净,去洗洗吧。

 

6.do some +V—ing

  这是一种习惯表达法,动词—ing形式此时叫动名词,这种短语在意义上相当于原来的动词。如:

  do some shopping 买东西, do some cleaning 大扫除, do some washing 洗衣服

  do some reading 读点书, do some writing 写点东西, do some speaking 练习口语

 

7.It’s much better than having class!

  这里的“much”用于比较级前以表示程度,意为“…得多”。我们叫它“程度副词”。与其作用相同的还有“a little”,意为“…一点”。如:

  1)This box is much bigger than that one.

  这个盒子比那个大得多。

  2)Lucy is a little taller than Lily.

  露西比丽丽高一点。

 

8.get…for sb/get sb sth

  表示替某人买…,get相当于buy。如:

  1)You can get any school things in the shop.

  你可以从这家商店买到任何学习用具。

  2)Could you get some bread for me? =Could you get me some bread?

  你能给我买些面包吗?

  3)She is going to get a skirt for her daughter. =She is going to get her daughter a skirt.

  她打算给她女儿买一件裙子。

 

9.语音

本单元复习元音音标[u:],[u],[u¶]。

字母“u”和字母组合“oo”均发[u:]。如:ruler, food

字母“u”和字母组合“oo”,“oul”均发[u]。如:put, foot, could

字母组合“ure”,“ua”均发[u¶]。如:sure, usually

 

同步练习

1.找出下列单词中划线部分读音不同的选项

  ( ) 1) A. moon B. food C. foot D. room

  ( ) 2) A. house B. about C. loud D. could

  ( ) 3) A. put B. nut C. bus D. cup

  ( ) 4) A. third B. other C. nothing D .month

  ( ) 5) A. bell B. seven C. next D. when

 

2.用所给词的适当形式填空

  1)Xiaoming often (get) up at 6:00. Now he (get) up. Tomorrow is Sunday.

He (not get) up at 6:00. He (get) up at 7:00.

  2) Mr and Mrs Green (watch) TV now? No, they aren’t. They usually (read) news papers in the evening. But tomorrow they (watch) a football match(比赛) on TV.

  3)—Where the children (meet) next Saturday?

   —In the park.

   —How they (get) there?

   —By bus.

3.单项选择

  1)Excuse me. Could you get some apples me ?

  A. to B. for C. on D. with

  2)It’s time have lessons. Let’s go.

  A. to B. at C. for D. /

  3)—How are you today? — .

  A. How are you? B. Certainly

  C. How do you do ? D. Fine, thanks.

  4)Look, the twins flowers in the garden.

  A. is watering B. are watering

  C. is going to water D. are going to water

  5)This shirt is good. That one is .

  A. good B. much better C. best D. well

  6) They are going to pick pears .

  A. next week. B. now C. every week D. on next week

  7)— are you going to buy school things?

   —In the shop.

  A. What B. Where C. When D. Who

  8)—It’s time to have lunch.

   — .

  A. Thank you B. Not at all C. Sure D. I’m coming


八年级英语第四单元We’re going to work on a farm !八年级英语教案-英语教案,试题,论文,听力由www.170yx.com收集及整理,转载请说明出处www.170yx.com

  9)There are only people in the shop today.

  A. a few B. not much C. a little D. no

  10)My little brother is two years than I.

  A. small B. smaller C. younger D. young

 

4.完形填空

  It is a 1 day today. The children 2 going to 3 on the 4 . They are going to 5 oranges.

  Look! Here’s the farm. The children begin to pick the 6 . some are 7 the oranges on the tree 8 .are carrying the oranges to the trucks. They are 9 when they are working.

  They are 10 working very hard on the farm.

1) A. fine B. early C. well

2) A. am B. is C. are

3) A. play B. work C. see

4) A. house B. factory C. oranges

5) A. eat B. buy C. pick

6) A. pears B. apples C. oranges

7) A. pick B. to pick C. picking

8) A. They B. Any C. Others

9) A. singing B. dancing C. working

10) A. any B. every C. all

 

答案

1. C D A B B

2. 1) gets , is getting , is not going to get , is going to get

2) Are…watching , read , are going to watch

3) are…going to meet , are…going to get

3. B A D B B A B D A C

4. A C B C C C C C A C

 

 





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