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Lesson 94教学设计示例

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Lesson 94教学设计示例

一、教学目标

1.知识目标

掌握过去进行时的用法。

2.能力目标

能够用自己的话复述课文里的小故事(尽量用到过去进行时)。

3.情感目标

教育学生不要打扰别人休息,邻里之间要友好相处。

二、教具

同上课。

三、课堂教学设计

1.复习 教师参照练习册习题1,与学生进行问答练习。可通过如下方法,培养学生口头复述课文的能力:

对一组学生逐个提问,这组学生每次回答一个问题;从另外一组中找出一位同学,依次将每个同学及他前面同学的答案像滚雪球似的复述下来。例如:

T: Where did the man live?

S1:The man lived in a tall building in the city of Moscow.

S0:The man lived in a tall building in the city of Moscow.

T:Why did he like to live there?

S2:Because it was usually very quiet and he could see the park from his window.

S0:The man lived in a tall building in the city of Moscow. He liked living there because it was usually very quiet and he could see the park from his window.

T: What did the man upstairs always do when he came home every night?

S3:The man upstairs always took off his shoes and threw them on the floor.

S0:The man lived in a tall building in the city of Moscow. He liked living there because it was usually very quiet and he could see the park from his window. The man upstairs always took off his shoes and threw them on the floor.

扮演S0的角色,一次可以是一个人;可以是一个组;也可以是班上其他学生。刚开始练习时,问题不宜一次提得过多,三至五个即可,逐步过渡。此外,较难回答的问题要注意修改,通常不使用一般疑问句(除非学生掌握更灵活的方法 注)。

2.听课文录音,学生跟读一遍。

3.教师解释难句(见难点讲解)。

4.打开练习册,做习题2。当堂核对答案,并要求学生按此准备课文复述。

5.布置作业

1)练习朗读本课文,准备复述;2)书面完成练习册其他习题。

四、难点讲解

1.the man upstairs 楼上的人

the man downstairs楼下的人

upstairs和downstairs都是副词,用来修饰前面的名词the man。当副词用作定语修饰名词时,一般要放在被修饰的名词之后。例如: On his journey home, he made a lot of friends. 在回家的旅途中,他交了很多朋友。(句中home是副词)

Look at the photo above. 请看上面的照片。(句中 above是副词)

2.He liked living there. 他喜欢住在那里。

作为动词,like后既可接动词不定式也可接动名词,但在意义上有细微差异。like to do 表示的是具体的动作,往往有特定的场合;而 like doing是抽象意义,表示习惯性动作。例如:

I like walking in the evening. 我爱在傍晚散步。

I like to walk in the evening. 我喜欢傍晚去散步。

I like playing basketball. 我喜欢打篮球。

I like to play basketball. 我现在想去打篮球。

3.He found it very difficult to get to sleep and he was very unhappy. 他发现难以入睡,很不高兴。

句中的it是形式上的宾语,而真正的宾语是动词不定式短语to get to sleep. it作形式宾语时,句子结构往往是:主语+ 谓语+ it+ 宾语补足语+ 真正宾语。除动词不定式以外,that 引导的从句也常作真正宾语。这时,句中谓语动词往往是find, think, make, believe等。例如:

Do you think it right to play tricks on others? 你觉得开别人的玩笑好吗?

He thought it best to say nothing. 他觉得最好是什么也不说。

I make it a rule that I should spend at least two hours learning English every day. 每天至少花两小时学英语是我的规律。

get to sleep是“入睡”的意思。动词 get有“渐渐”的含义。例如:

We got to know each other later. 后来我们逐渐相互了解了。

When winter comes, the nights are getting longer and the days are getting shorter. 冬天来临,夜晚变长,白天变短。

4. With a smile the man from downstairs said, “I'm sorry to trouble you, comrade.” 楼下的人微笑着说:“对不起,同志,打扰一下。”

句中 with a smile是介词短语,在句子里用作状语,表明楼下的人说话时的伴随状态。介词短语用作状语的情况很多,再如:

Thank you for teaching us so well. 谢谢您把我们教得这样好。

Classes begin at eight. 八点开始上课。

5.He was just falling asleep when there was a loud knock at the door. 他刚睡着,就有人大声敲门。

fall asleep是“睡着”的意思。 asleep是形容词,接在连系动词 fall之后。句中 when等于 and then,意思是:那时。再如: He was walking in the park when he saw a watch on the ground. 他正在公园里行走,看见地上有一块手表。





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