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Unit 22 The sports meeting

Unit 22 The sports meeting为http://www.170yx.com整理发布,类型为八年级英语教案,本站还有更多关于初二英语教案,八年级上册英语教案,新目标八年级英语教案,免费教案 - 英语教案 - 八年级英语教案的文章。

教学目标

  知识目标

  1.词汇

  New words and phrases: hold a sports meeting, race, 100-metre race, win, high jump, long jump, neck, active, take a active part in, relay, starting line/ finishing line, runner, as…as, a moment later, go on doing(sth), fall behind, winner, loud, loudly, lap, pass on, stick, catch up with, neck and neck, well done, congratulation, not as/ so as, rather, loudspeaker, result, dance, headteacher, take turns, do one’s best, hooray.  

  2.日常交际用语:

  Bad luck.

  Come on.

  well done !

  Congratulations(to …)

  3.语法:

  形容词和副词的比较等级.

  规则形式:fast faster fastest

  不规则形式:well better best , badly worse worst, far farther/further farthest/ furthest

  Wu Peng ran as fast as Lin Tao.

  She didn’t run as / so fast as Lily.

  能力目标

  1.使学生能够根据教师设计的情景,灵活运用形容词和副词的比较级形式进行口头和笔头的练习。

  2.使学生能够熟练掌握运动会有关项目的词汇和交际用语,介绍比赛情况。

  3.使学生能够读懂第87课课文,回答课后的问题,并能根据上下文判断出生词的大意。

  4.使学生能够听懂与课文难度相当的听力材料。

  情感态度目标

  接力赛是一种既充满着激烈竞争,同时也必须做到高度协调的一种体育运动。要使学生懂得我国“四个现代化”的建设正如接力赛一样,在整个国际舞台上充满着激烈的竞争,而在国内要有高度的协调。即经济发达的地区要积极支援经济落后的地区,只有这样才能使我们整个中华民族得到腾飞,永远立足于不败之地。

  通过本单元的教学可使学生欣赏到一场生龙活虎、你追我赶、紧张热烈的比赛情景。教育学生锻炼身体,热爱体育,为奥运做贡献。


教学建议

  教学内容分析

  本单元是以学校运动会为主要话题,学生在学习与运动会有关项目的词汇和表示“祝贺”的交际用语同时,还进一步学习形容词和副词比较级和最高级的用法。在第85课中,通过对三幅画面的描述既复习了学期已经学习过的形容词和副词比较级和最高级的用法同时又引出本单元体育活动的主题。在86课87课中,主要是通过对一篇有关学校运动会接力赛的描述,体现了本单元语法的重点:一般过去时,并容纳了大部分词汇及全部交际用语。第87中,还介绍了同等比较的形容词和副词比较级的句型。在第88课中,主要是总结运动会的比赛情况的相关用语,包括谈论比赛结果,采访运动员,颁发奖品等。

  语言运用分析

  本单元围绕学校开运动会,教授了hold, win, pass, shout, loud等二十多个生词和一些短语、习惯用语及固定搭配,如:go on doing sth., stop to do sth., get ready to do sth. 等,学习了enough在句中的位置和作用,还有一些表示祝贺的日常用语。在教学对话、课文的同时,复习了一般过去时态。本单元重点讲授副词的比较级、最高级的构成和用法。其实我们在第二册书中已学过形容词比较级、最高级的构成、用法。副词和形容词一样有三个级,构成及用法相同,只是副词最高级前一般不用定冠词。本课通过运动会的跑、跳,生动、形象地列举了副词比较级、最高级在句中的作用,教会了很多有关体育方面的用语,同时复习了很多过去学过的词语和固定搭配。

  有关体育运动项目方面的词汇的教学建议

  教师可以利用图片等直观教具展示给学生,在学生脑海中,确立鲜明的形象,加深记忆。有关图片可以参照课文36页,或利用学生用书彩色插页ⅲ上的插图,问题如下: What is the boy doing? What are the girls doing? What is the girl doing? 然后教师可以将几张图片都展示在黑板上:Why so many people are on the playground? 引导学生将出:They are having a sports meeting.自然引出新课。

  有关形容词副词比较级的教学建议

  建议教师可以利用投影,实物教学,简笔画等手段创设多种情景组织学生进行讨论,练习学生口语和笔头的表达能力,可以一图多问。

  (1)教师可以叫三两个学生到黑板前面来,让他们站成一行.然后,提问:Who is taller? Who is the tallest? Who is short? Who is the shortest? Can you tell me who runs faster? Who runs fastest? 等学生回答完后,教师可以在教室前面划一条线,告诉学生这是staring line.叫另一名同学当发令员,教会他发令的表达法,指挥两个学生从教室前跑到教室后面,然后提问; Who runs slowly? Who runs more slowly? Who runs most slowly? Can you tell me who runs faster? Who runs fastest? Who won? 教师还可以根据具体的情景指导学生就as…as/ not so as…as.句型进行练习。

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  (2)教师还可以叫学生进行立定跳远比赛,教师设计问题如下:Who jumps high? Who did well? Who did worse? Who did worst of all? Who jumps highest of all?  此部分练习可以在讲87课时运用。

  (3)教师准备一个拉力器几个学生前来,比较谁的力气大谁拉的长。问题设计如下: Who is stronger? Who is the strongest? Who is taller? Whose chest-developer is longer? Whose chest-developer is the longest? Who is powerful? Who is the most powerful man? Is Xiao Ming as powerful as Tom?


Unit 22 The sports meeting由www.170yx.com收集及整理,转载请说明出处www.170yx.com

  有关阅读的建议

  (1)教师可以将文章分为五段,先指导学生阅读课文,并把课文中有关比赛的情景让学生用绘画的形式画出来。教师可以每段一张图,每组一段。这样既练习了学生的阅读理解能力,又增加了趣味性,激发学生学习兴趣。

  (2)教师可以精心设计板书,概况短文,突出文章重点。如:

  At starting line: Hu shouted: “Ready? Go!” Runners started to run.

  On the first lap: Li Lei ran faster.

  On the second lap: Yu Yan began to catch up with Jim. They were neck and neck.

  On the third lap: The Class 3 and Class 1 runners were still neck and neck. The Class2 dropped the stick. Class 4 fell and hurt.

  On the fourth lap: Wu Peng in the front dropped his stick and fell behind. Lin Tao ran past him.

  词汇教学

  到现在为止,学生学习的英语单词已经很多。如不按照科学规律一味死记硬背,是很难掌握这些单词的。大纲要求“能熟练地运用所学的拼读规则拼写单词。能根据所学的构词法判断和记忆派生词和合成词的词义和词类”。词汇教学应贯彻这一要求,帮助学生提高自学能力,训练他们的科学记忆、联想的能力。本单元词汇量较大,但把单词分类,引导学生按照规律记忆,会大大降低学习的难度。

  1.利用拼读规律和联想记忆单词拼法

   hold shout still race hurt drop stick rather

   cold about till face nurse top ticket father

  2.派生词

   bad→badly       loud→loudly

   run→runner      win→winner

   congratulate→congratulation

  3.兼类词

   形容词兼副词 fast high long far

   动词兼名词 jump race

   介词兼副词 behind

  4.合成词

   play + ground → playground loud + speaker → loudspeaker

  5.同类词 可用图表示人体各部分的名称

  eye hair arm nose mouth neck body hand leg foot

  有关采访运动员的交际用语的建议

  建议教师设计学生进行采访对话:例如:

  A: Congratulations.

  B: Thank you.

  A: Can you tell me your name?

  B: My name is Zhao Fang.

  A: Which class are you in?

  B: I am in Class 3 Grade 2.

  A: How did you win the game?

  B: I didn’t play well at first. But the rival made a big mistake. I am lucky.

  能力训练教学

  1.本单元的单词比较多,难于在短时间内记住,可以放在课文中去消化理解,分散难度,以便收到比较好的效果。

  2.本单元应着重练习形容词、副词的比较等级和有关祝贺(Good wishes and Congratulations)的日常交际用语。形容词和副词的比较等级在日常生活中运用比较多,务必要熟练掌握。

  3.两篇阅读课文情节生动,扣人心弦,用词恰到好处。同学们要反复朗读,最好能背诵。学生应该能用比较流利的英语叙述本校运动会上的一些比赛情况。

 有关介绍比赛结果的练习

Name

The 100meter-race

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The high jumps

Julia Read

14〞2

1.42m

Linda White

14〞5

1.35m

Sally Brown

15〞

1.30m

Name

The 800meter- race

The long jump

Simon Hill

3’ 30〞

4.8m

John smith

3’ 24〞

4.8m

Ben little

3’ 20〞

4.3m

Name

The 1,500meter-race

The shotput

Jim green

8’ 40〞

7.5m

Oliver tour

9’ 14〞

7.5m

Carol Jones

9’ 14〞

8.m

  教师可以先让学生阅读本表,然后用形容词和副词的比较级或者as/ so …as的句型造句。不得少于6句。

  hold用法分析

  1)hold在句中用作及物动词时,有如下意义和用法:

  (1)握,抓住,拿住。如:


Unit 22 The sports meeting由www.170yx.com收集及整理,转载请说明出处www.170yx.com
  She is holding up an umbrella. 她正打着伞。

  He held me by the sleeve. 他抓着我的袖子。

  Hold the line.稍候[别挂断]。(打电话用语)

  (2)容纳,装着。如:

  The hall can hold 1000 people.这个大厅能容纳1000人。

  (3)拥有,占有。如:

  I held the job for two years. 这工作我干了两年。

  (4)举行(会议等)。如:

  They held many get- togethers with the foreign friends. 他们和和外国朋友举行了多次联欢。

  (5)用于某些固定搭配。

  a. hold back“阻碍、阻止”,如:

   No one can hold back the wheel of history. 谁也不能阻止历史车轮前进。

  b. hold on意为“等待、停止、不要挂断电话”。如:

   Hold on a moment till I put my coat on.等一下,让我穿上外衣。

  c. hold one’s head high意为“昂首挺胸”。如:

   They held their heads high when they walked into the meeting hall.他们昂首挺胸地走进了会场。

  d. hold up意为“举起,抬起,耽搁”。如:

   Women can hold up half the sky. 妇女能顶半边天。

   The storm held us up. 暴雨把我们耽搁了。

Lesson 85多媒体教学设计方案

  Teaching Procedures:

  Step 1 Revision

  Revise the comparative and superlative forms of adjectives and adverbs.

  (录像演示)复习形容词和副词的比较等级的形式及其用法。

  (图片展示)让学生比较图中的人物,复习形容词和副词的比较等级的形式及其用法。

  Jim is young.

  Lucy is younger than Jim.

  Kate is the youngest.

  The bike is going fast. 

  The tractor is going faster. 

  The taxi is going the fastest.

  (学生活动)让学生看图片用比较级表达图片中的人物,然后让学生总结出the comparative form:Regular forms and Irregular forms

  Step 2 Presentation

  1.Leading-in

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   设问导入本课关于运动会的教学

  1. Does your school hold a sports meeting every year?

  2. Do you take part in it? Which sport can you do well in?

  3. How many sports are there at the sports meeting?

  2.(课件演示)教学关于运动的词语

  hold a sports meeting, the 100-metre race, the high jump, the long jump, the relay race

  Step 3 Read and learn

  (录像演示)演示the 100-metre race的情景,回答:Who was first/second/third in the 100-metre race?

  (录像演示)演示the high jump的情景,回答:Who won the high jump?

  (录像演示)演示the long jump的情景,回答:Who was first/second/third in the long jump?

  (课件演示)演示副词的比较等级课件,了解副词比较等级的构成和用法

  Step 4 Practise

  (图表练习活动)根据表格中比赛的结果,让学生用比较等级表达比赛的情况。

  图表1

The gilrs’ 100-metre race

Han Meimei

16"7

Lucy

16"2

Wu Dong

15"4

  图表2

The boys' high jump

Lin Tao

1.59 m

Bill

1.64m

Zhang Jun

1.77m

  Step 5 Read and act

  (录像演示)演示对话的情景,学生了解对话内容,教学新单词neck,解释句子:Which sport are you in today?

  It means Which sport are you taking part in today?。

  Step 6 Exercises

  用动词正确时态填空。

  Last week No. 14 Middle School _________ (hold) a sports meeting on the playground. Lily _________(run) fastest of all in the 100-metre race. Zhang Jun _________(do) best of all in the high jump and Liu Mei _________ (jump) farthest of all in the long jump. Ling Li ________ (fall) and ________(hurt)his neck, so he _________(do)take part in any sport. Now he ________(be) much better.


Unit 22 The sports meeting由www.170yx.com收集及整理,转载请说明出处www.170yx.com

  Keys: held, ran, did Jumped, fell, hurt, didn’t, is

  从方框中选择适当的词语完成句子。

best, far, fall, which, better, jump, hold a sports meeting

  1. Zhang Liang ________highest of all.

  2. They ________on the playground this year.

  3. Who jumps ________than Mark?

  4. Zhang Jun did ________of all.

  5. Who _______and hurt his leg yesterday?

  6. ________sports is he in today?

  7. Who is ________than Lin Feng?

  Keys: 1.jumped  2.will hold a sports meeting  3.farther/further  4.best  5.fell  6.Which  7.better

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  Step 7 Homework

  1. Finish exercises on page 103.

  2. Rewrite the passage.

  3. Finish off the workbook exercises.

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Unit 22 The sports meeting由www.170yx.com收集及整理,转载请说明出处www.170yx.com
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