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八年级英语Time off教案2

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Module 7 Time off
一. 本周教学内容:
  Module 7 Time off

二. 重点内容:
  直接引语、间接引语

三. 具体内容:
  <课文内容分析>
  必背短语
 1. hear sb doing sth.
  表示“听到某人正在干某事“,doing sth 是现在分词短语作宾语补足语,指动作正在进行。
  Eg. I heard him singing in the next room.
我听到他正在隔壁唱歌。
hear sb do sth.
表示“听到某人干某事“do sth.是不带to的动词不定式短语作宾语补足语,指动作的全过程。
Eg. I hear him sing in the next room.
我听到他在隔壁唱歌。
 2. suggest doing sth.
表示“提议干某事“
Eg. I suggested going in my car.
我提议坐我的车去。
 3. be famous for...
表示“因......而出名“。主语是人时,表示以某种知识、技能或特征而出名\;当主语是地方时,则表示以某种特产或名胜而出名。
Eg. Einstein was famous for his Theory of Relativity. (主语是人)
爱因斯坦以他的相对论而闻名。
Hangzhou is famous for the West Lake. (主语是地方)
杭州因西湖而出名。

  <语法详解>
  直接引语改间接引语
  引述别人的话一般有两种形式。一种是引用别人的原话,将原话放于引号内,这便是直接引语,另一种是用自己的话转述别人的话,被转述的话不放于引号内,这就是间接引语。这两种引语主要做宾语从句或复合宾语。
(一)直接引语改间接引语的句型
  (1)直接引语是陈述句,变成间接引语,要把陈述句变
成由that 引导的宾语从句。
  eg. 1. Mary said,“I am glad to see you.“
Mary said (that) she was glad to see me.
2. Dick said to her ,“I want this book.“
Dick told her that she wanted that book.
  说明:① 直接引语换成间接引语后不能再用引号。
② 用连词that引导传达内容,that常省略。
③ 直接引语的动词如果是say to,那么间接引语就改成tell。
  (2)直接引语是一般疑问句,变成间接引语,要把一般疑问句变成由if/whether引导的宾语从句,同时语序改为陈述句语序。
  eg. I asked Tom ,“Are you a student?“
    I asked Tom if he was a student.
  (3)直接引语是特殊疑问句,变成间接引语,要把特殊疑问句变成由特殊疑问词引导的宾语从句,同时语序改为陈述句语序。
  He asked me ,“What do you want to buy?“
He asked me what I wanted to buy.
  (4)直接引语是祈使句,变成间接引语时,要把祈使句的动词原形变成动词不定式,同时加上适当的谓语ask, tell, order 等。如果祈使句为否定句,则在不定式前面加not。
  eg. 1. The teacher said to me ,“Stand up.“
The teacher asked me to stand up.
2. The doctor said to me ,“Don‘t drink too much.“
The doctor told me not to drink too much.
  说明:引述动词可因其内容作如下的变换:
  表示“命令“tell, order, commend
表示“请求“ask, beg, request
  表示“忠告“advise
  (5)直接引语是感叹句变成间接引语时,改为由 that引导的宾语从句,语序改为陈 述句语序。引述动词常为cry (out)或exclaim\;将How或What改为very
  eg. He said, “What a wonderful gift it is!“
    He exclaimed that it was a very wonderful gift.

(二)直接引语改间接引语应注意的事项
  直接引语变为间接引语时在人称,时态,状语,动词等方面需要根据具体的情景进行变化。
  人称代词的变化
  如果直接引语是第一人称,变为间接引语时,一般变为第三人称\;第二人称变为第三人称或第一人称\;第三人称一般不作改变。
  (1) He said, “I am sorry.“
He said that he was sorry.
(2) She says to him, “You are very nice.“
She tells him that he is very nice.
  (3) She says to me ,“You are honest.“
She tells me that I am honest.
next
last
...ago... the next... (其次)
the previous... (先前的)
...before (当时以前的) tomorrow
yesterday the next day (次日,日)
the following day
the day before (前一天)
the previous day   
  直接引语与间接引语精练
  将下列句子改为间接引语
 1. Li Ming said, “My friend Wang Hong is a painter.“
 2. He said, “I want more breakfast.“
 3. Li Pin said, “I hope to go to England.“
 4. “Class is over,“ the teacher said.
 5. He said, “I‘m very happy to visit your factory.“
 6. “From one of the windows of my house I can see the railway station,“ said to Wu Dong.
 7. My sister said to me, “I‘m leaving tomorrow.“
 8. “Does Wu Dong always get up late?“ he asked.
 9. “Are you going to your home town this summer?“ she asked.
 10. “How are you feeling today?“ Li Lin asked him.
 11. “When are you going to Shanghai?“ I asked him.
 12. “Who has taken my dictionary?“ asked Wang Hong.
 13. “Wait for me, please.“ The girl said to her mother.
 14. The teacher said to the class, “Stop talking.“
 15. She said to her sister, “Don‘t take off your coat.“

  将下列句子改为直接引语
 16. She said that she was really sorry that she couldn‘t help.
 17. He told her that she might keep the book for seven days.


八年级英语Time off教案2由www.170yx.com收集及整理,转载请说明出处www.170yx.com
 18. I asked him whether he tried to call a policeman.
 19. I asked her e\whether she was reading the newspaper.
 20. She asked me whether Harry was a kind-hearted or hard-hearted man.
 21. Steve told Joe that he liked skiing.
 22. Sandra asked her friend how she could solve the problem.
 23. Mr. Green said that she didn‘t like playing tennis.
 24. My mother told me to wash the dishes after supper.


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