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八年级英语第十单元Home and work_八年级英语教案-英语教案,试题,论文,听力-教学教案

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内容

教学目标

1. 词汇

A.单词

四会:doctor, aunt, bookseller, cleaner, grow, building, city, town, village,show, twelfth,use, start, lift,

三会:again, passage, province, Toronto.

B.词组:part of the U.S.A, the town/city of …, a place called…, take…down, go up

and down, get out of…/into…, the last four floors, the ground floor, press the number ten.

2.句型

How many floors does the building have?

3.语法 the verb to do动词do.

动词do有两种功能,一为实意动词,二为助动词。

1)作为实意动词,do在句中可用作谓语,意思是“做”、“干”。例如:

 

①-Do you live in China? -Yes, I do.你住在中国吗?—是的。

②-Does your father often have a walk after supper? -No, he doesn’t.

-你父亲经常在晚饭后散步吗?-不,不去。

③They don’t live on the 14th floor. 他们不住在十四层楼。

④She doesn’t look like her sister. 她看上去不象她的姐姐。

☆注:be动词构成疑问或否定句时,不能用助动词do/does,而是将be动词放在主语前面构成疑问,在be动词后加not构成否定。例如:

1)肯定句:He is a teacher. 疑问句:Is he a doctor? 否定句:He is not a doctor.

2)肯定句:They are playing football on the playground.

疑问句:Are they playing basketball now?

否定句:They are not playing basketball how.

3)肯定句:My parents are going to watch T V this evening.

疑问句:Are your parents going to watch T V this evening?

否定句:My parents are not going to watch T V this evening.

2. do与某些动词的-ing形式搭配

这种搭配形式其实在意思上就相当于这些动词。例如:

1) do some /the shopping购物,2) do some /the cooking做饭,3) do some /the reading读书 4) do some /the cleaning打扫卫生,5) do some /the washing洗衣服

3.动词+双宾语(直接宾语something, 间接宾语somebody )

这类动词常见的有give, pass, show, sell, buy, tell, read, teach, lend等。可用两种结构,即:

 

v.+sb+sth或v.+sth to/for sb.例如:

1) Please give me the book. =Please give the book to me. 请把书给我。

2) Will you please pass me a cup of tea? =Will you please pass a cup of tea to me?

递给我一杯茶好吗?

3) Could you show us your new pictures? = Could you show your new pictures to us?

能让我们看看你的新照片吗?

4) Mr. Wang is going to tell us a story tomorrow afternoon. = Mr. Wang is going to tell a story to us tomorrow afternoon. 王先生明天下午要给我们讲一个故事。

5) Mr. Wu is going to teach them English this term. = Mr. Wu is going to teach English to them this term. 吴先生这学期要教他们英语。

6) The students read their teacher English every day. = The students read English to them every day. 学生们每天都给他们的老师读英语。

7) Could you lend me your bike? = Could you lend your bike to me?

能把你的自行车借我用一下吗?

8) The shop sells students all school things. = The shop sells all school things to students.

这所商店向学生们出售各种学习用品。

9) My mother is going to buy me a new coat. = My mother is going to buy a new coat for me.

我妈妈打算给我买一件新外套。

☆注:

1)英语中习惯于把短的宾语放在长的宾语前面,以避免头重脚轻。例句2)中的pass me a cup of tea要比pass a cup of tea to me好。

2)如果表示物(即something)的直接宾语是代词it/them, 则只能用v.+sth to /for sb 例如:Pass it to me.而不能说Pass me it.

3)show还可以表示“带/送某人到……”。例如:

①Will you show me to the teachers’ office? 你可以带我去教师办公室吗?

②Let me show you into his home. 我来带你进他的住所。

③He is showing his friends around the school. 他正带着他的朋友参观学校。

4.grow的用法

1)可用作及物动词,表示“种植”、“栽培”。例如:

①We grow many trees and flowers on both sides of the street.

我们在街道两旁种植了许多树木和花草。

②The farmers grow rice in this field. 农民们在这块田里种植水稻。

③The girl is growing her hair. 那个女孩儿正在留长发。

2)可用作不及物动词,表示“生长”、“增长”。例如:

①We have grown up. 我们已经长大了。

②He has grown into a strong boy. 他已经成长为一个健壮的小伙子。

③The city of Beijing is growing fast. 北京城正在飞速发展。

5.up and down (…)

表示“上上下下”,“来来回回”。例如:

1)A cat is running up and down the tree. 一只猫正在上上下下地爬树。

2)A lot of boats are coming /going up and down the river.

许多船只在这条河流里来来回回地航行着。

3)The old man is walking up and down the room. 那位老人在房间里来回踱着步。

4)He goes up and down by lift. 他乘电梯上下。

☆注:up and down在句1)2)3)中是介词,在句4)中是副词。

6.英语和中文在表示地点和时间上的语序的不同。

中文是从大到小叙述,而英语则相反,是从小到大叙述。例如:

1) I live in a house in a small village outside the city. 我住在城外小村庄的一所房子里。

2) My son Peter studies in Class Four Grade One in No.14 Middle school.

我的儿子彼得在第十四中学一年级四班学习。

3) They are going to have a class meeting at three tomorrow afternoon.

他们打算明天下干三点开班会。

4) I watch T V on Saturday evening every meek. 我每星期六晚上看电视。

7.begin和start的用法

这两个动词意思相同,都可表示“开始”,用法也大致一样。例如:

1) Classes begin /start at half past seven. (我们)七点半钟开始上课。

2) My father usually begins (starts ) his work / begins (starts) to work / begins (starts)

wording at eight in the morning. 我父亲通常早上八点种开始工作。

3) We are beginning /starting to go over our lessons. 我们正在开始复习功课。

4) Leaves begin /start to turn yellow. 树叶开始变黄了。

☆注:

1) begin和start即可作及物动词,也可做不及物动词。如句1)句2)。

2) begin和start用于进行时的时候,后面只可接不定式,而不可接动词-ing形式。如句3)。

3) 当主语表示事物时,begin和start后面也接不定式,不接动词-ing形式。如句4)。

8.finish的用法

意思是“完成”,后面可接名词和动词的-ing形式。即可作及物动词,也可做不及物动词。例如:

1) When are they going to finish their homework? 他们打算什么时候完成作业?

2) I usually finish reading or writing at eight in the evening.

我通常看书或写作到晚上八点钟。

3) The building will finish in two years. 这座大楼两年后竣工。

☆注:finish后不能接不定式。

9.否定疑问句和why引导的否定疑问句

否定疑问句往往表示说话人的惊奇或怀疑,而why引导的否定疑问句则表示建议或疑问。试比较:

1) Isn’t she right? 难道她不对吗?(说话人认为她是对的,表示怀疑。)

2) Don’t you know me? 难道你不认识我了吗?(说话人认为对方应该认识自己,表示惊奇。)

3) Why don’t you go shopping with me? = Why not go shopping with me?

你为何不跟我一起去购物呢?(说话人在向对方提建议)

4) Why doesn’t he answer your call? 他为什么不给你回电话呢?(说话人想要知道原因,即答案,表示疑问。)

10.语音

1) [s] 字母s, c (在e, i, y前), 字母组合ss, se均可发此音。例如:say, yes, class, pass, house, house, horse, face, office, city, certainly.

2) [z] 字母z, s, 字母组合se都发这个音。例如:zoo, busy, blouse.

3) [sp-], [st-], [sk-], [sm-], [sw-], 以上为辅音连缀sp, st, sk, sm和sw的发音。例如: speak, study, skirt, smile, sweater.

同步练习

1.找出下列各组单词中划线部分发音不同的单词

( )1) A.busy B.blouse C.nose D.house

( )2) A.car B.city C.face D.office

( )3) A.show B.window C.grow D.town

( )4) A.village B.passage C.past D.orange

( )5) A.drink B.machine 如果觉得八年级英语第十单元Home and work_八年级英语教案-英语教案,试题,论文,听力-教学教案不错,可以推荐给好友哦。

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